Cishe noma ngubani osebenzelana I-dyslexia yokuvela kwemvelo futhi, ngokuvamile, kweSpecific Learning Disways (DSA), uyazi ukuthi olunye uvivinyo olwenzeka kaningi ezihlolweni zokuxilonga I-WISC-IV, ithuluzi elisetshenziselwa ukukala QI ukuze unqume ukusilela kwengqondo njengembangela yezinkinga zesikole.

Njengoba kwaziwa, i-WISC-IV yakhiwa izivivinyo eziningi (iziqukathi) ezihlola amakhono ahlukile njengamakhono Ukubonisana ngomlomo (Index Yokuqonda Kwamagama), amakhono we umbono we-visuo-spatial (Inkomba yokubonisana ebonakalayo), The inkumbulo yokusebenza (Ukusebenza Kwememori Index) kanye ulwazi lucutshungulwa ngokushesha kangakanani (Icubungula Ijubane Inkomba). I-IQ, ngakolunye uhlangothi, ifanekisela inkomba yokwenziwa yamakhono ejwayelekile wengane, etholakala kwizikolo eziningi zokuzithoba ezakha i-WISC-IV.

Ocwaningweni oluthokozisayo olwenziwe nguMichele Poletti[1], amaphrofayili okuqonda aqhamuke ne-WISC-IV ezinhlotsheni ezahlukahlukene ze-DSA aqhathaniswa: ukuhlola ukubakhona okungenzeka kwamaphrofayili athile wokuqonda futhi okuyizinkomba ezazisa kakhulu ezisuselwa ekusetshenzisweni kwale bhethri lokuhlola.


Ukuhlaziya isampula yezifundo nge-DSA nokuqhathanisa ukusebenza kwazo nelinye iqembu lezifundo ngaphandle kokuntuleka kokufunda, ukubhala noma ukubala, kwavela imininingwane elandelayo efanelekile:

  1. Ezimweni ezingaphezu kwama-50%, Izifundo ze-DSA zazingenayo i-IQ eqondakalayo ngenxa yokungafani okukhulu phakathi kwama-indices ahlukahlukene avela ekuphathweni kwe-WISC-IV. Kulezi zimo ukulinganiselwa okuhle kwamakhono obuhlakani balezi zingane nabantu abasha kumelelwaInkomba ejwayelekile yamakhono (isikolo esibonisa ikhono lamakhono wokucabanga kwezikolo ekusebenzeni ukuhlolwa kwememori kanye nesivinini sokucubungula).
  2. Ama-DSAs avame kakhulu kunokujwayelekile ukungafani phakathi Inkomba ejwayelekile yamakhono qhathanisaInkomba Yekhono Lokuqonda (isikolo sokwakha esibonisa ukusebenza kahle komuntu ukucubungula imininingwane ngalo, ukuhlanganisa inkumbulo yokusebenza kanye nesivinini sokucubungula), ngokuchithwa kokugcina.
  3. Izingane ezinamamaki we-DSA aphansi ngokwesilinganiso ku'Ukusebenza Kwememori Index, e 'Icubungula Ijubane Inkomba nasekutheni Ukufana.
  4. IDyslexia ivame ukuhlotshaniswa nezikolo eziphansi ku-Icubungula Ijubane Inkomba, ikakhulukazi kumazinga aphansi ku-subtest cipher.
  5. UNella I-Evysary Dyscalculia, zombili zisefomeni elihlukile futhi ezihlangene namanye ama-DSA, zitholakala ngokwesilinganiso ukushiyeka kwengqondo okujwayelekile kubandakanya ubuhlakani be-fluid, inkumbulo yokusebenza nesivinini sokucutshungulwa kolwazi.
  6. La I-dysorthography ye-Evolutionary ayihlotshaniswa nanoma ikuphi ukusilela imininingwane etholakala ku-WISC-IV

Kusukela kule mininingwane, umbhali uhlongoza ezinye izibonakaliso. Okokuqala, ukungafani Inkomba ejwayelekile yamakhono e Inkomba Yekhono Lokuqonda (IAG> ICC) kufanele ibonwe njenge- "inkomba yokuqonda"Kwi-DSA engakhombisa ukungasebenzi kahle kwe imisebenzi ephezulu okungaba nomthelela ekusebenzeni kolwazi ngokulula nangaphezu kwamakhono okucabanga. Ukuba khona futhi kwezinguquko ku inkumbulo yokusebenza iphakamisa umbhali wesifundo ukuthi lo msebenzi wokuqonda ungaba yiwo okuhlosiwe okuyinhloko kwezokwelapha kanye nalezo eziphathelene nemininingwane yokuphazamiseka komuntu ngamunye (ukufunda, ukubhala noma ukubala). Ngokuphathelene nobunzima obuncane ohlangane nabo ngokwesilinganiso ekuvumeni komlomo kokuqonda Ukufana, umbhali ofanayo ugcizelela ukuthi kungahle kuncike ekuxhumaneni phakathi kwenkulumo ngamazwi kanye nememori yokusebenza encishisiwe. Okokugcina, ukungabikho kokuwa okuthile okuqondile kumakholi ahlukahlukene we-WISC-IV ngezihloko nge-Developmental Dysorthography kuholela umlobi ukuthi aphethe ngokuthi leli bhethri lokuhlola alinakubhekwa njengethuluzi elanele lokuhlonza, ngokusobala elingahambisani ihlinzeka ngokuhlolwa kwengqondo ezindaweni lapho ama-dysorthograms ezintekenteke khona (ngokwesibonelo, iloponological).
Kuleli phuzu lokugcina ikakhulukazi singabelana kuphela isikhundla somlobi kusukela, ngenkathi sibheka i-WISC-IV njengethuluzi elivumayo lokuxilonga, leli bhethri lishiya izindawo eziningi ezibonakalayo zembuliwe ezingaphazamisa ukufunda futhi zichaze ubunzima kuholele izingane eziningi ekuhlolweni kwe-neuropsychological. Noma kunjalo, njengoba kuqokonyiswe ngumlobi ngalolu cwaningo, kuyithuluzi elinganikeza izinkomba ezibalulekile zokuqhubeka kokuphenya ngokuxilonga.

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