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I-Bia



Njengoba igama libonisa, i BIA yibhethri lezivivinyo zokuhlola ukusebenza kwengqondo okuvame ukuntuleka ezinganeni nakubantu abasha abanokusilela kokunaka. Ngokuqondile, kukhona uchungechunge lwezivivinyo zokuhlola izakhi ezahlukahlukene ezihlobene Attenzione e imisebenzi ephezulu. Ngaphezu kwalokhu, amaphepha emibuzo nawo atholakala kumtholampilo ukuze ahlole iphuzu le-subjential yokubuka isifundo esihloliwe, abazali nothisha.

Lawa amathuluzi akhona ebhethri:

1 - Ukuhlolwa Kwamaxoxo

Ukuhlolwa okubandakanya ukusetshenziswa kwe ukunakekelwa okuqhubekayo, ukukhetha nokukhubaza ukusabela kwezimoto. Ingathathwa njengovivinyo lwe-Go-no-Go futhi ilungele abantu abaneminyaka ephakathi kwemi-5 neli-11 ubudala.


2 - Ukuhlolwa Kwokubheka Ukucwaninga

Ukunakwa kokuhlolwa yisilinganiso esilinganisa i-ukunakwa okugciniwe okuqhubekayo futhi siqukethe ukubala kusethi yemisindo ehlukahlukene ngezikhathi ezithile ezingajwayelekile. Kukalwa abantu abaphakathi kweminyaka emi-5 ne-11.

I-3 - I-Numerical Stroop Test

Isivivinyo sokuphendula sokuzenzakalelayo esizenzakalelayo (kususelwa kumphumela we-Stroop). Iwusizo kubantu abaneminyaka ephakathi kuka-6 no-11.

I-4 - Ukuhlolwa Kokunye Kokuqedwa Komshini Ohlukile

Ngenye isivivinyo sokuvimbela kepha kulokhu impendulo ukuthi ivinjelwe ingeyohlobo lolo ngamazwi. Ukuhlolwa kuqukethe ukugcwalisa uchungechunge lwemisho ukugwema amagama angavunyelwa ukuzisebenzisa. Ikalwa kubantu abaneminyaka engu-6 kuye kweli-11.

I-5 - I-Verbal Strategic Memory Test

Kungumhlola ophenya ukuthi ingane inekhono elingakanani hlela ulwazi ngosiko ukuthi igcinwe. Hlaziya ikhono lokukhumbula eliphelele, ukucubungula imininingwane, ukuvimbela imininingwane engafanele nokusetshenziswa kwamasu wokufunda. Ingasetshenziswa nezingane kusuka eminyakeni engu-6 kuye kweli-11.

I-6 - ukuhlolwa kwe-MF20 ne-MF14

Luhlolo olwenzelwe ukuhlola i ukulawula impendulo futhi iqukethe ekuseshweni kwesithombe esiqondisiwe phakathi kweziphazamisi ezi-5. Zilungele izifundo eziphakathi kweminyaka engu-5 nengu-13 ubudala.

I-7 - Ukuhlolwa kwe-CP

Kuyisivivinyo esidinga kakhulu ukunakekelwa okuqhubekayo e abakhethayo futhi idinga ukusesha okuqondiwe phakathi kweziphazamiso eziningi. Ingasetshenziswa nabantu abaphakathi kweminyaka engu-7 no-13 ubudala.

I-8 - SDAI, SDAG ne-SDAB esikalini

Zenzelwe isikali ukukala ubukhulu nobuningi be ukuziphatha okuyinkinga kwesifundo esihloliwe, ngokubheka othisha, abazali kanye nengane uqobo.

9 - Izitebhisi ze-COM

Amaphepha emibuzo wokuhlola i nezindaba okuvame ukwenzeka ku-comorbidity ADHD.

Ubufakazi shazi

ukubuyekezaIzindawo eziphenywayoUbudala
Ukuhlolwa kwexoxoUkuqina, ukunakwa okukhethiwe kanye nokuvinjwa kokuphendula imotoIminyaka engu-5-11
Ukuhlolwa Kwokubheka KwezimaliUkunakwa okugciniwe okugciniweIminyaka engu-5-11
Ukuhlolwa kwe-Numerical StroopUkuvinjwa kokuphendula okuzenzakalelayoIminyaka engu-6-11
Ukuhlolwa Kokunye Kokuqedwa KwemibhaloUkuvinjwa kwempendulo yomlomoIminyaka engu-6-11
 I-Verbal Strategic Memory Test Ukukhunjulwa ngokuphelele, ukucubungula imininingwane, ukuvimbela imininingwane engafanele, ukusetshenziswa kwamasu wokufunda Iminyaka engu-6-11
 Ukuhlolwa kwe-MF20 ne-MF14 Ukulawulwa kokuphendula okuthonyayo Iminyaka engu-5-13
 Ukuhlolwa kwe-CP Ukunakwa okugcinakalayo nokukhethiwe Iminyaka engu-7-13
 Isikali se-SDAI, SDAG ne-SDAB Ukuziphatha okuyinkinga
 Izitebhisi ze-COM Izinkinga ekuhlanganeni kwe-ADHD

Iziphetho: amandla nobuthakathaka

UBUHLE

La BIA ibhethri elivumela i Ukuhlolwa kwemisebenzi yokuqonda "transversal" ukwazi ukuthonya kakhulu ukusebenza kwesikole kanye nezinye izimo zokuphila kwansuku zonke. Iphinde ivumele ukuhlolwa kokubili ngokusebenza kokusebenza nangamaphepha emibuzo akuvumela ukuqoqa imininingwane kusuka kumaphuzu amaningi wokubuka.

Imisebenzi yokuqapha-ukuphatha, yize eyisisekelo ezimeni eziningi (kufaka phakathi isikole), ngokumangazayo imvamisa ayishiywa ekuhlolweni kwe-neuropsychological. Le sethi yezivivinyo imelela ithuluzi elisebenziseka kalula ekuboneni noma ibuphi ubunzima obuzophenywa ngesikhathi sokuhlolwa.

defects

Amasampula wokumisa wokuhlola ahlukahlukene we BIA ukulala yenombolo encishisiwe. Ibhethri ishiya nezinye izinto ezibaluleke kakhulu eceleni emkhakheni olawula ukunakwa, ukunakwa okuhlukanisiwe ikakhulukazi, ukunakwa okuguqulwayo, ukuhlelwa kwamazwibela nokuhlelwa kwendawo kanye nememori yokusebenza, kokubili kusukela endaweni yokubukwa kwesikhala nokukwazi ukubuyekeza (nayi i-athikili mayelana nokuhlolwa ukuhlola imisebenzi yesikhundla).

Ngomqondo kungasiza ukuqeda ukuhlolwa ngezivivinyo njenge-Memory yamadijithi (i-WISC-IV), ukuxhumana okuhleliwe (i-CAS) noma i-Trail Ukwenza, BVS-Izifundo, lo UMbhoshongo waseLondon nezinye izivivinyo ze I-BVN.

Konke kukho konke BIA kuseyinto eyodwa Ithuluzi elingenakushoda phakathi kwalabo ababandakanyeka ekuhlolweni kwe-neuropsychological esikhathini sokukhula.

Thenga i-BIA ku-Amazon




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