umuzwa wenombolo nezibalo ezithuthukile

Ngokusho kwezazi ezimbili zemizwa yaseFrance, yize ikhono lezibalo eziphakeme kakhulu lidinga ukuqonda nokuphatha okuhlelekile, leli khono lisekela olwazini oluyisisekelo nolunembile lwe isikhala, isikhathi kanye nomuzwa wenombolo. Lokhu okungenani yilokho okuqhamuka ocwaningweni luka-Amalric noDeene[1].

Umqondo wenombolo

Uma sikhuluma ngomqondo wenombolo sibhekisa kusethi yamakhono angokwemvelo (noma angenangqondo) ahlobene nokuqonda ubuningi bezinto, ubukhulu bazo kanye nobudlelwano bazo; kuyikhono lokubona "ubuningi", ukuhlobanisa inombolo nenani, ukuqonda umehluko phakathi kwezinombolo.

Ucwaningo

Esikhathini esedlule yayivele iboniswe ukuthi angakanani amanye amakhono wezibalo angabikezelwa ngokuqondile ngezinga lokuthuthuka komqondo wenamba kumuntu ngamunye. Ubufakazi, kepha, babukhawulelwe emazingeni wezibalo ayisisekelo, maqondana nokufunda okulindeleke ezikoleni zamabanga aphansi naphakathi[2][3][4]. Kulolu cwaningo[1] esikhundleni salokho ababhali bavivinywe Ochwepheshe abayi-15 bezibalo abangochwepheshe e Abayi-15 ababona izazi zezibalo, ongafushaniswa kanjena:


- konke kufakwe kokukodwa isithwebuli se-magnetic resonance esisebenzayo okuvumela ukuthi ubuke umsebenzi wobuchopho ngezikhathi ezithile;

- umhlanganyeli ngamunye ocwaningweni wayelalela izibalo ezisezingeni eliphakeme noma ezinye izifundo ezingezona ezibalo;

- ngemuva kokulalela isitatimende ngasinye umhlanganyeli osemsebenzini kwakufanele ahlulele ukuthi isitatimende leso sasikhona yini kulungile, akulungile noma akunangqondo.

Imiphumela

Kulalela izitatimende ze-algebra, iJiyomethri, ukuhlaziya kanye nokuma komhlaba, kuzibalo eziqeqeshiwe kuphela lapho ezinye izindawo zobuchopho zasebenza khona (kuqala, okuphansi kanye ne-intraparietal). Isici esijabulisayo kakhulu ukuthi lezi zindawo zobuchopho yilezo ezifanayo ezivame ukwenza kusebenze ukucubungula izinombolo ezincane nokusebenza kokuqala, okubonisa ukuthi ukucabanga okuyinkimbinkimbi kwezibalo, okungenani ngokwengxenye, kususelwa emqondweni wenani.
Ocwaningweni olufanayo, ababhali bacacisa ukuthi le datha ayenele ukukholelwa ukuthi ulwazi lwezibalo oluthuthuke kakhulu lutholakala kuphela ezingeni eliphansi kakhulu. Noma kunjalo, yize amakhono ayisisekelo wezibalo ethathwa njengezimele kakhulu ekucabangeni okusezingeni eliphakeme kwezibalo, lezi zizinda ezimbili zibonakala zixhumene kakhulu. Kwazi bani ukuthi lolu cwaningo luzoluthinta kanjani ucwaningo oluzayo emkhakheni we dyscalculia.

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