I-Dorta, i-bepre, i-buolo… Ingacatshangelwa izikhala zengozi yolimi, lawo ngamagama angaba nencazelo ngesiNtaliyane, kepha awanalo nje ngoba, phakathi namakhulu eminyaka, akekho owabelwe lona. Eqinisweni, akuqinisekile ukuthi abanayo le ncazelo kolunye ulimi ngaphandle kwesiNtaliyane (noma ngolimi lwasendaweni) noma ukuthi abayitholi ngokuzayo. Ngalesi sizathu zichazwa njengongewona amagama (ngama-pseudowords esiNgisi)

Okubalulekile, futhi ngandlela thile okunempikiswano, isici ukuthi okungewona amagama avame ukusetshenziswa ekuhlolweni kokufunda kuyahambisana iphonotaxis yolimi lwesiNtaliyane. Kalula nje, noma engewona amagama ase-Italy, angaba yingoba bahlonipha ukulandelana konkamisa nongwaqa ifanelekile ngolimi lwethu. Ake sithathe okwethu, isibonelo I-generator engewona amagama futhi samisa isakhiwo (isib: i-CV-CVC-CV). Ngokuchofoza ngakunye sizothola amanye amagama: zefalfi, lidetre, gupecca. Njengoba ubona, bayayihlonipha yonke imithetho yokwakhiwa kwase-Italy. Ngamafuphi, ngeke sithole amagama afana nala: qalohke noma puxaxda.

Isizathu esenza ukuthi kusetshenziswe amagama angafani, ekufundeni nasekubhaleni, ukuthi asivumela ukuthi siphenye lokho okuthiwa indlela yomsindo, leyo yindlela esivumela ukuthi sinqume "izingcezu" zegama ngalinye futhi siziguqule, kancane kancane, zibe ngama-graphemes (endabeni yokubhala) noma kwimisindo (esimweni sokufunda ngokuzwakalayo). Indlela yefonotiki iyindlela ewusizo kakhulu ekufundeni amagama angaphandle noma angaziwa, kepha kuvela ukuthi ihamba kancane ngamagama esiwaziyo (empeleni, la mazwi siwafunda "shazi" ngokwenza kusebenze lokho okubizwa ngokuthi nge-lexical). Kusukela ekuqhathaniseni phakathi kwendlela yefonografi kanye nendlela ehlelekile kungenzeka kusungulwe imicabango mayelana nokuba khona noma ukungabi khona kwe-dyslexia enganeni noma kumuntu omdala.


Esinye isizathu esizwakalayo sokusebenzisa amagama angawona iqiniso ukuthi, njengoba engekho ngesiNtaliyane, athathwa njengathathi hlangothi kakhulu ekuhloleni izingane, intsha kanye nabantu abadala abangakhulumi isiNtaliyane njengo-L1. Empeleni, kunzima ukulindela ukuthi umfana ongachazwanga kangako e-Italiya uzokwazi ukufunda amagama ngokushesha njengomuntu oke wavezwa kubo iminyaka, kuyilapho kukholakala ukuthi okungewona amagama angabaphoxa bobabili ngokulinganayo, njengoba kufanele yiba musha kubo bobabili. Kodwa ingabe kuzoba yiqiniso?

Empeleni kukhona okungenani izici ezimbili ezibucayi ezibhekisa ngqo kulokho esasikushilo phambilini:

  • Okungelona igama, kuzo zonke izinhloso, izinhloso ezingekho futhi kufanele kukhishwe ikhodi ngokuphelele. Kodwa-ke, wonke amagama angenawo esiwabhale ekuqaleni kwalesi sihloko (dorta, bepre, buolo) acishe afane kakhulu namagama akhona ngesi-Italian (umnyango, unogwaja, omuhle noma inhlabathi); singaqiniseka ukuthi igama elingelona igama likhonjwe lonke? Ngabe igama elithi "tamente" negama elithi "lurisfo" lifundwa ngokushesha okufanayo noma ngabe elangaphambili lithintekile ngokuba khona kwesijobelelo -mente esisetshenziswe kaningi ngokweqile ngesi-Italian? Ngalo mqondo sikhuluma nge "ukufana kwamagama”Kokungewona amagama: amagama asunguliwe, kepha kwesinye isikhathi kakhulu - kakhulu - afana namagama akhona ngempela. Lokhu kungazuzisa umfundi ongumdabu wase-Italiya kunalabo abadalulwe kancane futhi abangavula kancane indlela ye-lexical (ebesifuna ukuyigwema). Ngokuqondene nomuntu omdala, ngokwesibonelo, ngibabheka njengabakhombisa kakhulu amagama angama-dys ibhethri I-BDA 16-30.
  • Amagama okungewona asetshenziswe ekuhloleni kokufundwayo ahlonipha iphonotaxis yesiNtaliyane hhayi, ngokwesibonelo, eyaseNorway noma eyesiJalimane. Lesi simo singanikeza umfundi wase-Italiya ithuba elingaphezu kweNorway noma isiJalimane, ngakho-ke kungenza ukungathathi hlangothi okungaqondakali kwamagama kungasuki.

Ngaphandle kwalokhu kukhawulwa, amagama angawona amagama asetshenziswa kakhulu ekuhlolweni nasekwelapheni indlela yefonotiki ekufundeni nasekubhaleni, ezinganeni nasebadala. Endaweni yokugcina, izifundo zikaSolwazi Basso, obheka i- hhayi amagama njengendlela okuyiyo kuphela yokuqiniseka ngokusebenza endleleni yefonotiki. Ngokwami ​​ulwazi, noma kunjalo, ngithole ubunzima obuningi ekumiseni imisebenzi ehlala njalo kokungewona amagama, ikakhulukazi ngoba abantu be-aphasic kwesinye isikhathi bakuthola kunzima ukubona ukuthi kukhona noma cha igama, futhi ukusebenza ngamagama asunguliwe kuthathwa njenge umthombo wokudideka nokumosha isikhathi. Iziguli eziningi, empeleni, ziyafuna ukuthola amagama akhona ngempela, futhi zigaya umsebenzi ngokungewona amagama.

Ekugcineni, okungewona amagama ahlala ngaphezu kwakho konke ithuluzi eliyisisekelo lokuthola umqondo wezinqubo ezisebenzayo nezisetshenziswayo ekufundeni; ukuqhathanisa ngamagama womabili ngokwejubane nokunemba inikeza ulwazi oluyigugu ngamasu asetshenziswa yisihloko futhi ikuvumela ukuthi usethe umsebenzi owenziwe kahle wokuhlenga noma wokuvuselela.

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