Ukuxhumana kuyikhono elibalulekile kumuntu, futhi kungalimazeka emazingeni amaningana kubantu abane i-aphasia. Abantu abane-aphasia, empeleni, bangaba nobunzima ekukhulumeni, ekubhaleni, ekufundeni nasekuqondeni noma yiluphi uhlobo lolimi. Ucwaningo lugxile kakhulu ekutholeni ukukhuluma, futhi akumangalisi ukuthi unikezwe ukubaluleka kwaleli khono empilweni yansuku zonke. Okunganakwa kakhulu, noma kunjalo, yindawo yezinkinga zokufunda ezitholakele. Lokhu yize ukufunda kuyikhono elibalulekile empilweni yethu sonke, futhi ikakhulukazi kulokho kwalabo, ngenxa yezizathu zomsebenzi noma zokuzijabulisa, ababejwayele ukufunda amakhasi amaningi nsuku zonke. UKnollman-Porter, ngo-2019, waveza ukuthi ubunzima bokufunda bungaholela kanjani ekuwohlokeni okukhulu kwezinga lempilo (ukuzethemba okuphansi, ukubamba iqhaza komphakathi okuncane, ukukhungatheka okukhulu) ngisho nakubafundi abangajabule.

Kukhona amaphrojekthi amaningi e-US nase-Europe ancike ekusebenzeni kolimi lwemvelo (NLP), njenge Iphrojekthi elula, okuhlose ukwenza lula imibhalo ivune abantu abane-aphasia, noma i- FIRST (eyenzelwe abantu abane-autism) elandelela futhi ingene esikhundleni sezinto ezisembhalweni ezingaba yisithiyo ekuqondeni.

Ukubuyekezwa kukaCistola nozakwabo (2020) [2] kugxile kumathuluzi asetshenziswe esikhathini esedlule ukunxephezela ubunzima bokufunda kubantu abane-aphasia ngokubukeza ama-athikili ayi-13 atholakala emininingwaneni ehlukene. Abaphenyi bazamile ukuphendula imibuzo elandelayo:


  1. Yimaphi amathuluzi athuthukisiwe okusiza abantu abanenkinga yokufunda kanzima
  2. Yiziphi izici zokufinyeleleka kwamathuluzi obuchwepheshe asetshenziswa kakhulu angasiza ekunqumeni okubhaliwe?

Ngokuqondene nombuzo wokuqala, ngeshwa ucwaningo lutholile ukungabi namathuluzi athile. Ezimweni eziningi, amathuluzi ambalwa asetshenziswe ndawonye (njengokuhlanganiswa kwenkulumo noma ukugqanyiswa kombhalo). Lawa mathuluzi athuthukisiwe, kufanele kugcizelelwe, awenzelwe abantu abane-aphasia, kepha enzelwe izingane ezine-dyslexic kanye nentsha. Lawa ngamathuluzi asengaba wusizo kubantu be-aphasic, kepha imvamisa awavumeli ukuxazulula inkinga ehlobene nokufunda.

Ngakho-ke, kuyadingeka ukuthi kuthuthukiswe amathuluzi athile eziguli ze-aphasic. Isici esiyinhloko kuzoba yileso se- ukwenza ngokwezifiso ukuhlangabezana nobunzima bokuzwa kanye nokunyakaza.

Ezinye izinto ezibalulekile kuzoba:

  • Ikhwalithi yokuhlanganiswa kwenkulumo
  • Ijubane lokuhlanganisa amagama
  • Amandla okushintsha usayizi wombhalo nezikhala phakathi kwamagama
  • Amandla okuguqula ngokuzenzakalela amagama anzima noma amabinzana abe amafomu alula

Ukuphetha, luselude ukhalo okusamele luhambe. Amathuluzi anamandla futhi enziwa ngezifiso azodingeka. Kodwa-ke, kuyinto enganciphisa ukukhungatheka, ukuzethemba okuphansi kanye nokuncika kubanakekeli kubantu abane-aphasia.

I-Aphasia ayinayo nje imizwa engokomzwelo kodwa futhi nezindleko zomnotho zesiguli nomndeni waso. Abanye abantu, ngenxa yezizathu zezomnotho, banciphisa amathuba abo okuvuselela, yize kunobufakazi obusekela isidingo somsebenzi oqinile nongaguquguquki. Ngalesi sizathu, kusukela ngoSepthemba 2020, zonke izinhlelo zethu zokusebenza zingasetshenziswa mahhala online ku I-GameCenter Aphasia futhi amashidi wethu womsebenzi ayatholakala lapha: https://www.trainingcognitivo.it/le-nostre-schede-in-pdf-gratuite/

Bibliografia

[1] UKnollman-Porter, K., Wallace, SE, Brown, JA, Hux, K., Hoagland, BL noRuff, DR, 2019, Imiphumela yezindlela ezibhaliwe, zokuzwa nezindlela ezihlanganisiwe zokuqondwa ngabantu abane-aphasia. I-American Journal of Speech - I-Pathology Yolimi, 28, 1206-1221.

[2] G. Cistola, M. Farrús, I. van der Meulen (2020). "U-Aphasia futhi wathola ukukhubazeka kokufunda. Yiziphi ezinye izindlela zobuchwepheshe obuphezulu ezinganxephezela ukusilela kokufunda? " Ijenali Yomhlaba Wonke Yezinkinga Zolimi Nezokuxhumana.

Qala ukuthayipha bese ucindezela u-Enter ukusesha

iphutha: Okuqukethwe evikelwe !!
L'uso dello script nell'afasia