I-apraxia yomlomo kuyisiphazamiso sezimoto senkulumo esibonakala ekukhulumeni okuhamba kancane, ukuhlanekezelwa konkamisa nongwaqa nokumiswa kancane phakathi kwamagama noma phakathi kwamaqoqo ezinhlamvu. Kunezingane ezine-apraxia yokuthuthuka, kepha lolu hlobo lwenkinga lungaphinde luvele nakulokhu okulandelayo okulandelayo nokulimala engqondweni (isifo sohlangothi, ukulimala ekhanda) noma izifo ze-neurodegenerative. Imvamisa kwenzeka ngokuhlangana nokuphazamiseka kwenkulumo okutholakele (i-aphasiakanye nezinkinga zemoto lapho kwenziwa ukunyakaza kwenkulumo (i-dysarthria).

Ubunzima obukhulu be-apraxia ngu ukuhlela ukunyakaza. Kungani lokhu kwenzeka? Kunemicabango emithathu ngokuyisisekelo:

  • I-Hypothesis yezinhlelo ezilimele (Izinhlelo Ezonakele I-Hypothesis): izethulo eziphathelene nokunyakaza zikhubazekile (okungenani kancane)
  • I-hypothesis yokuthola kabusha kohlelo (Program Retrieval Deficit Hypothesis): inkinga ukusetshenziswa kohlelo olufanele lapho ezinye izinhlelo zezimoto zizithola zisemncintiswaneni (ziyefana noma zisanda kwenziwa muva nje)
  • I-Hypothesis yamandla we-buffer ancishisiwe (Inciphise i-Buffer Capacity Hypothesis): i-buffer yokuhlela izimoto ayinakuba nezinhlelo ezingaphezu kweyodwa zezimoto ngasikhathi sinye (ubukhulu bayo obunguhlamvu)

Ucwaningo

Ucwaningo lwakamuva olwenziwe nguMailend nozakwabo (2019) [1] luzamile ukuqhathanisa le mibono emibili yokugcina.


Abahlanganyeli babe:

  • Izifundo eziyi-8 ezine-apraxia (eziyisithupha zazo ezine-aphasia ehambisanayo)
  • Izifundo eziyi-9 ezine-aphasia, kepha ngaphandle kwe-apraxia
  • Izihloko zokulawula ezingama-25

Umsebenzi kwakuwukubheka igama lokuqala (prime) okwathi ngemuva kwalo kwavela igama elizomenyezelwa (elimhlophe ngemuva okwesibhakabhaka). Kwezinye izimo leli gama belifana, kokunye belingafani (ukushintshwa okusheshayo phakathi kwesikhuthazo sokuqala nesesibili kwakudingeka). Amagama ayeyi-monosyllabic, enesakhiwo se-CVC kanye namafonimu angama-3-4 ubude.

Kungani amagama e-monosyllabic? Ukubandlulula phakathi kwale mibono emibili. Ngempela:

  • Ukube umbono we-buffer owehlisiwe ubuyiqiniso, akufanele sikubone ukwehla okuthile, njengoba amagama eyi-monosyllabic
  • Ukube, ngakolunye uhlangothi, inkolelo yokuthi kusebenze uhlelo olufanele bekuyiqiniso, bekuzoba nokwehla ngenxa yezinhlelo ezahlukahlukene ezincintisanayo

Imiphumela

Ekugcineni, imiphumela ikhombise ukubambezeleka okukhulu ezigulini ezine-apraxia, ngokuya ngohlelo lokutakula uhlelo. Ngakho-ke izinhlelo zezimoto zazilungiswa, ngezinga elithile, ngesikhathi sobukhulu, kodwa-ke kwadingeka ziguqulwe lapho kuvela igama elihlukile.

Esinye isici esithakazelisa kakhulu ukuthi abantu abane-aphasia kodwa abangenayo i-apraxia, basawenza amaphutha, kepha:

  • Izikhathi ze-latency zazifana kakhulu nalezo zeqembu elilawulayo (ngakho-ke, ukushintsha kwehlisa izifundo kuphela nge-apraxia)
  • Kwakungekho mehluko ophawulekayo phakathi kwezihloko ze-aphasic neqembu elilawulayo lapho kuphakanyiswa igama elifanayo (kodwa alifani) nele-prime.

Izinto zethu ze-aphasia

I-Aphasia ayinayo nje imizwa engokomzwelo kodwa futhi nezindleko zomnotho zesiguli nomndeni waso. Abanye abantu, ngenxa yezizathu zezomnotho, banciphisa amathuba abo okuvuselela, yize kunobufakazi obusekela isidingo somsebenzi oqinile nongaguquguquki. Ngalesi sizathu, kusukela ngoSepthemba 2020, zonke izinhlelo zethu zokusebenza zingasetshenziswa mahhala online ku I-GameCenter Aphasia futhi amashidi wethu womsebenzi ayatholakala lapha: https://www.trainingcognitivo.it/le-nostre-schede-in-pdf-gratuite/

Okwezindatshana zethiyori kui-aphasia ungavakashela kungobo yomlando yethu.

Qala ukuthayipha bese ucindezela u-Enter ukusesha

iphutha: Okuqukethwe evikelwe !!
U-Andrea Vianello wonke amagama engangiwaziI-Aphasia nobudala besifo sohlangothi