Nginesiguli esisha se-aphasic, ngenzile ukuhlola (noma omunye umuntu ukwenzile) futhi kufanele ngikhethe uhlobo lwezokwelapha engizolusebenzisa. Ngingakwenza kanjani? Kakade ngo-2010 i Ukubuyekezwa kukaCochrane kusungulwe ukuthi, ngakolunye uhlangothi ukusebenza kokungenelela kokwelashwa kokukhuluma kuqhathaniswa nokungangeneleli akunakuphikwa, ngakolunye uhlangothi okwamanje akukwazeki ukuthola ukuthi yikuphi ukungenelela okuphumelela kakhulu.

Ukukhethwa kwendlela oyisebenzisayo kwenziwa kube nzima kakhulu ukuthi kunezindlela zokwelapha ezisuselwa ezimisweni eziphikisanayo, ngasinye sinobufakazi baso bokusebenza. Nazi izibonelo:

Ukuvumela ukusetshenziswa kokuthinta noma cha?

Okubizwa ngezindlela multimodal khuthaza ukusetshenziswa kwesenzo sobabili njengoba cue ukukhuthaza ukuvuselelwa kwenkulumo, zombili njengezindlela zokunxephezela zokuxhumana. Ngasohlangothini oluphambene ngokweqile, abasekeli be "inkolelo yokungasetshenziswa”Qinisekisa ukuthi ukusetshenziswa kwamanye amasu okukhuluma kuthikameza ukuvuselelwa kwamakhono olimi ngomlomo; kulokhu, kuhlongozwa izindlela zokwelapha ezingavumi ezinye iziteshi kunalezo ezikhulunywa ngomlomo, njengasendabeni yokwelashwa I-CIAT.


Izithombe noma amagama?

Mhlawumbe enye yezindlela ezaziwa kakhulu, i- Ukuhlaziywa kwesici seSemantic, isebenzisa kakhulu izithombe ukuze ithole ukululama nokuqamba amagama. Futhi kulokhu akukho ukuntuleka kwezibonelo eziphikisanayo: the I-VNeST (indlela lesuselwa kakhulu ekwakheni imisho), sibonelo, kusekelwe ngokuphelele embhalweni lobhaliwe. Uma ama-purists ombhalo obhaliwe abona ezithombeni indlela "yokunqanda" ihlelo ngokulihlanganisa ngendlela yasePavlovian ekubukeni kwesithombe, ngakolunye uhlangothi abasekeli bezibalo bagqamisa ukuthi indlela yombhalo idinga kuphela ukufundwa nokubhala okungenani kugcinwe ingxenye, okuvame ukuthi kungenzeki.

Ilula noma iyinkimbinkimbi?

Ngokwendlela yokuxhuma Izethulo zemisindo ayindawo yokuhlangana phakathi kwezizinda ezizwakala kakhulu, ezisebenza ngemoto, ezokuhlelwa kwemibhalo kanye nezomqondo. UKendall (2008) isibonelo, uqinisekisa ubukhulu bokubuyiselwa kokulandelana kwemisindo enqubweni yokuvuselela. Futhi kuleli cala kukhona enye insimbi. Isibonelo yi-TUF (Ukwelashwa Kwamafomu Angaphansi) kaThompson noShapiro (2005), ngokuya ngokuthi ukwelashwa izakhiwo eziyinkimbinkimbi ngokwengeziwe kungahle, lapho kuqubuka, kuholele ekwandeni kubhekiswe ezakhiweni eziyinkimbinkimbi.

Ukubuyiselwa okungenaphutha noma ukufunda?

Enye inkundla enkulu yempi, ikakhulukazi uma kukhulunywa ngamasu okuholela ekwandeni kwesibalo samagama okufanele aqanjwe, yilokho phakathi kokululama nokufunda ngaphandle kwamaphutha. Esigabeni sokuqala, ngesiNgisi Ukubuyisa, okungenhla kufakiwe Ukuhlaziywa kwesici seSemantic ekhuthaza imizamo yokufika ekuqanjweni kwegama eliqondiwe. Ngokuphambene nalokho, izindlela ziyafika ayinaphutha, baqale kusukela ekucabangeni ukuthi amaphutha akhiqizwayo ahlanganiswe ekhanda lesiguli kanye nemikhiqizo efanele, okuvimbela ukululama kwayo. Kulokhu, lapho isiguli siveza igama elingalungile, umelaphi usimisa ngokuthinta asiveze kaningi egameni elifanele, acele ukuthi liphindwe.

Ungakwenza kanjani?

Lokhu kubuka konke kungabakhungathekisa abaqalayo: kungenziwa kanjani ukukhetha lapho zombili izindlela nokuphikisana nazo kusekelwa ubufakazi? Iseluleko esihle kakhulu esingakunika sona, kulokhu, ukuthi yenza ngokuqwashisa futhi ungashintshi usuke kwesinye isimo uye kwesinye ngesisekelo se-improvisation ngaphandle kokwazi ukuthi iyiphi imodeli okhuluma ngayo; ngokwesibonelo, ukusebenzisa izithombe sazi ukuthi kunezindlela ezingazifaki, hhayi ngoba ngaleso sikhathi sinezithombe esiseduze. Ngaphezu kwalokho, kungenzeka ukuthi kunezindlela ezehlukile futhi ngoba azikho iziguli ezimbili ze-aphasic ezifanayo: ezinye zizozuza kakhulu kunqubo eyodwa, ezinye kusuka kwenye. Ngalo mqondo, kubalulekile ukuba ne-ebhokisini lamathuluzi elikhulu kunawo wonke ukukwazi, uma kunesidingo, ukushintshela kolunye uhlobo lwendlela lapho eyedlule ibonakala ingasebenzi.

Inkambo yethu eku-inthanethi

Uma uchwepheshe onentshisekelo ekwelapheni i-aphasia, sikulungiselele izifundo ze-asynchronous video "Ukwelashwa kwe-aphasia: amathuluzi asebenzayo" (80 €). Ngaphezulu kwamahora ama-4 ekucubunguleni ngezinto ezilandekayo nokufinyelela kokuphila kokuqukethwe.

Kungakuthanda futhi

Bibliografia

UKelly H, uBrady MC, u-Enderby P. Inkulumo nokwelashwa kolimi kwe-aphasia kulandela isifo sohlangothi. I-Cochrane Database Yokuhlola Okuhlelekile 2010, Issue 5. Art. No.: CD000425. DOI: 10.1002 / 14651858.CD000425.pub2.

UKendall DL, uRosenbek JC, uHeilman KM, uConway T, uKlenberg K, uGonzalez Rothi LJ, uNadeau SE. Ukuvuselelwa okususelwa kufonimu kwe-anomia ku-aphasia. I-Brain Lang. 2008 Ephreli; 105 (1): 1-17. 

Thompson CK, Shapiro LP. Ukwelapha i-agrammatic aphasia ngaphakathi kohlaka lwezilimi: Ukwelashwa kwamafomu angaphansi. I-Aphasiology. 2005 uNov; 19 (10-11): 1021-1036. 

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