Lesi senzo isenzo esivela ekuqaleni kwengane futhi sandulela lokho okuzoba ukuxhumana ngomlomo kamuva. Ngokuvamile singahlukanisa ukuthinta kube ubuqili (isenzo sokukhombisa) e yisakhiwo sodumo (zama ukulingisa okuthile).

Imibono yakudala ngokwakhiwa kwezokuxhumana ihlukanisa ama-deictics abe ngamaqembu amabili:

  • Okusetshenziswayo (lapho ingane ikhomba ukubuza)
  • Izimemezelo (lapho ingane ikhomba ukwabelana ngemizwa nokuhlangenwe nakho).

Ngokusho kwesazi sokusebenza kwengqondo saseMelika uMichael Tomasello (Umsuka wokuxhumana kwabantu) lo mbono unciphisa kakhulu. Eqinisweni, ochungechungeni lwezivivinyo uqokomisa ukuthi ingane injani ungagcini umkhawulo wakho kuzicelo zokwanelisa, kepha ulindele ukuthi umuntu omdala ahlanganyele imizwa ayizwayo entweni ethile; ngaphezu kwalokho, ukushukuma komzimba kungabhekisa ezintweni ezingekho nemicimbi, kuhamba ngaphezu kwesicelo esisheshayo sento ebonakalayo. Lezi zimo, ezingabonakala njengokuncane, esikhundleni salokho bagcizelela ukuba namakhono abaluleke ngokweqile engxenyeni yengane: ukufuna ukunakwa ngokuhlanganyela, ukuqwashiswa kolwazi nokulindelwe kokunye, ukwenziwa kwendawo esivumelana ngayo.


Ngombhali waseMelika, ngakho-ke, kukhona onkulunkulu izimfuneko zokuqonda ukusetshenziswa kwesenzo esiphothuliwe, empeleni, okungenzeka ukuthi ingane ikwazi ukwenza kusukela ezinyangeni zokuqala zokuphila, kepha esisetshenziswa ngengqondo ingane ezinyangeni eziyi-12

Futhi ukuthinta kwesithonjana? Yize ziyinkimbinkimbi ngokwengeziwe ngombono wokuqonda futhi ngenxa yalokho zivela kamuva, bavame ukwehla ngokushesha cishe eminyakeni emibili yobudala. Isizathu esiyinhloko ukuvela kolimi olukhulunywa ngamazwi okufaka isenzo sokulingisa: lapho sifunda igama, siyeka ukwenza i-pantomime yento igama elibhekise kuyo; emva kwakho konke, ukusebenzisa amagama kulula kakhulu futhi kushibhile. Ngokuphambene nalokho, isenzo sobuqili siqhubeka isikhathi eside, noma ngabe kuvela amagama okuqala. Esigabeni sokuqala, empeleni, luhlanganisa ulimi (ingane ingasho igama - ngokwesibonelo isenzo - ngokusihlanganisa nesenzo esithile), futhi ekugcineni alusoze lwanyamalala ngokuphelele. Kaningi kunokucabanga kwethu, empeleni, thina bantu abadala sikhombisa nomuntu oxhumana naye oseduze ukuze aqinise noma anezele esikushoyo ngomlomo.

Ukujula: UMichael Tommasello, Umsuka wokuxhumana kwabantu, UMilan, uCortina Raffaello, 2009.

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