Kumuntu omdala, i-dysgraphia etholakele (noma i-agraphia) ukulahleka okuyingxenye noma okuphelele kwamandla okubhala. Imvamisa kwenzeka ngemuva kokulimala kobuchopho (unhlangothi, ukuhlukumezeka ekhanda) noma isifo se-neurodegenerative. Njengoba izingxenye ezibandakanyeka ekubhaleni ziningi (ulwazi lwezinhlamvu, inkumbulo esebenzayo yokuzigcina engqondweni, amandla asebenzayo okubhala izinhlamvu) nokunye okuningi, kunezinhlobo ezahlukene ze-agraphy okungavela “enkabeni” (ngakho-ke ukucutshungulwa kwezilimi) kanye ne- “peripheral” (hhayi okwezilimi, njenge-micrography ezinkingeni zikaParkinson). Ngisho ukunganaki ngokusobala ingadala ubunzima bokubhala.

Ukubuyekezwa kwakamuva kukaTiu noCarter (2020) [1] kusisiza ukuletha ukuhleleka phakathi kwezinhlobo ezahlukene ze-agraphy.

Kune-agraphics “emsulwa” lapho kungathikanyezwanga ezinye izici zolimi noma izici ezihehayo ezingabhalwanga. Ama-agraphias ahlanzekile angahlukaniswa ku- i-agraphy yolimi pura (ulimi nokufunda kuhambiselana, ukubhala ngesandla okujwayelekile, kepha imiphimbo ephikisanayo yefonoloji neyi-lexical) naku- i-apraxic agraphy pura (ulimi nokufunda kuhambisane, umbhalo wesandla wehlile, ubunzima bokwenza i-praxis kuphela ehlobene nokubhala). Ngokusobala, phakathi kwalezi zigxobo ezimbili, kungahle kube nezinhlaka ezixutshiwe ezinokuyekethisa ezinhlangothini zombili.


Ngokuphathelene nohlobo lwe-aphasia esingaba nayo:

I-Agraphy ku-aphasia engacasuliUkubhala kuvame ukukhombisa izici ze-aphasia; umkhiqizo ulinganiselwe futhi kukhona ukushiywa kwezinhlamvu. Ukubhala ngesandla kuvame ukuba kubi futhi i-agrammatism ikhona.
Isilinganiso ku-aphasia eshelelayoKulokhu futhi, ukubhala kukhombisa izici ze-aphasia; inani lamagama akhiqizwayo lingaba likhulu kakhulu ngokukhiqizwa kwama-neologisms. Izakhi zohlelo zingaba ziningi maqondana namabizo.
Isilinganiso sokuqhuba i-aphasiaKunezifundo ezimbalwa kulokhu; ezinye zazo zibhekisa, ngisho nasekubhaleni, kumkhuba we- "conduit d'approche" okhona egameni elikhulunyiwe.

Amathuluzi atholakalayo kudokotela wokuhlonza uhlobo lwe-aphasia yilawa:

  • La i-calligraphy (uphawu lomaka we-apraxic agrafia)
  • Il ezitholwe (ukuyekethisa ku-agraphy yolimi, kepha hhayi nge-apraxic)
  • La copia (umbhalo othuthukiswa kwikhophi ungabonisa ukukhubazeka okukhulu kwezinga lolimi)
  • Ezinye izindlela zokubhala (ngokwesibonelo kukhompyutha noma i-smartphone) kungaqokomisa ubunzima obuthile bohlobo olusebenzayo
  • Ukubhalwa kwe- hhayi amagama: ivumela ukuhlukanisa izinga lokukhubazeka, ikakhulukazi uma izinga le-sublexical lithintekile

Bibliografia

I-Tiu JB, uCarter AR. I-Agraphia. 2020 Jul 15. Ku: StatPearls [Inthanethi]. I-Treasure Island (FL): Ukushicilelwa kwe-StatPearls; 2021

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