Imvamisa, lapho sikhuluma nge-dyslexia, sibhekisa kokuthuthukayo, noma ezinganeni nakubantu abasha abenza (futhi abenza njalo) okunzima ukufunda. Noma kunjalo, kungenzeka ukuthi "ulahlekelwe" amandla okufunda kahle lapho usumdala, ngisho nakulabo abangakaze bahlangabezane nobunzima balolu hlobo. Izinkinga eziningi zokufunda ezitholakalayo zenzeka ngemuva kokushaywa unhlangothi futhi zivame ukuhambisana nazo i-aphasia.

Ukufunda, ngenkathi kubonakala kuyinkqubo elula, empeleni kwenziwa ngemisebenzi eminingi. Lokhu kubonakala nakakhulu lapho kwenzeka umonakalo: akubona bonke abantu abalahlekelwa ukufunda ngendlela efanayo, futhi wonke umuntu akalahlekelwa ngokuphelele. Ezinye iziguli, ngokwesibonelo, zilahlekelwa yilokho okuthiwa "nge-lexical”Ekufundeni: Ngiyakwazi ukucacisa igama elithi syllable ngohlamvu, kodwa angikwazi ukulibamba shazi, lilonke. Uma, ngolimi lwesiNtaliyane, lokhu kuholela ekwehliseni okukhulu, ngezilimi ezi-opaque ezifana nesiNgisi kwenza kube nzima kakhulu, uma kungenzeki, ukubona igama.

Kwezinye izimo, noma kunjalo, i- indlela yomsindo. Iziguli, kuleli cala, ziyawabona wonke amagama (amagama lapho, mhlawumbe, adalulwe kakhulu, njengamagama asetshenziswa kakhulu), kepha azikwazi ukufunda amagama amasha noma amagama afanayo njengakuqala kepha ngokuguqulwa okuncane. Kunjengokungathi, ngokungafani neziguli zangaphambilini, babelahlekelwe yikhono lokunquma amagama ngamagama, bekwazi kuphela ukubona amagama aphelele, njengokungathi ayizithombe.


Kunezihloko ezikhuluma ngokwelashwa kwe-phlexological dyslexia, nayo etholakala mahhala, njengaleyo ye- URiley nozakwabo baka-2014 [1]. Imvamisa kakhulu lawa angamacala angashadile noma anamasampula amancane kakhulu, noma kunjalo kusiza ukuqonda okungasiza lezi ziguli. Ngokuvamile, umsebenzi omsulwa endleleni yefonotiki ususelwa ku- ukungafundi amagama, noma amagama angekho, kepha angaba khona, ngolimi lwesiNtaliyane: dotaro, cimplese, redusave.

Ngo Ukuqeqeshwa Kokuqonda Tachistoscope ungakha uhlu lwamagama angawona ngokufaka inani lamaqoqo ezinhlamvu. Ngokuchofoza inkinobho ebomvu ekugcineni, ungaphrinta futhi lezi zinhlu ku-pdf.

Uma, ngakolunye uhlangothi, ubunzima bunzima kakhulu, ungalanda mahhala bese usebenzisa i- Amagama afana nezwi ngokomqondo ibhingo. Ukusondelana kwamagama ngokwemisindo, empeleni, kuzodinga ukusetshenziswa kwendlela yefonotiki ukugwema ukufunda igama elingalungile.

Ekugcineni, kochwepheshe abafuna ukujulisa ukwelashwa kwe-aphasia (kusuka olimini kuye ekufundeni, ekubhaleni nasekubaleni), sinikela ngezethu inkambo ye-asynchronous "Ukwelashwa kwe-aphasia" (80 €). Inkambo kungaboniswana ngayo ngejubane lakho, ukufinyelela kuqinisekisiwe ngempilo futhi namavidiyo wokubuyekeza wamahhala azokwethulwa ngezikhathi ezithile kulabo abathenga isifundo.

Bibliografia

[1] URiley EA, uThompson CK. Ukuqeqesha Ukufundwa Kwe-Pseudoword ku-Acquired Dyslexia: Indlela Yokuxaka Ifonotiki Aphasiology. 2015;29(2):129-150.

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