Sonke sinabantu abathile ezimpilweni zethu abakwaziyo ukukhumbula imininingwane esingacabangi ngathi. Cishe sizokwazi nezinhlamvu ezithile zama-movie noma ze-TV ezikhumbula konke, njengekhompyutha. Lokho okumbalwa abantu abakwaziyo ukuthi amandla okubamba ngekhanda angathuthukiswa ngenqubo ethile kanye nokuzivocavoca okuncane. Yilokhu okuvela ocwaningweni olusha ngesihloko[1].

Ake sibuyele emuva ...

Omunye uzobe ezwile ngomncintiswano we-World Memory Championship kanye ne indlela ye-loci, ithuluzi elibonakalayo elisekela amasu ahlukahlukene asetshenziswa abasubathi bememori (abahlanganyeli bomqhudelwano oshiwo ngenhla). Kafushane nje, kulabo abangayazi, le ndlela iqukethe ukuhlanganisa imininingwane yokukhumbula ezindaweni ezaziwayo nezindlela, sisebenzisa ubizo lobuchopho bethu ukusebenzisa amakhono ethu e-munemonic ukuzilungiselela esikhaleni (sincoma ukufunda le ngxoxo emnandi kudokotela wezengqondo u-Edvin Moser, umklomelo omuhle kakhulu wezokwelapha ngonyaka we-2014).

Ake sicabange ukuthi sifuna ukugcina uhlu lwezitolo okuthi, kube lula, sinezinto ezine kuphela: isinkwa, ufulawa, utamatisi kanye ne-pasta.


Ukwakha inkumbulo 1

Ukwenza lula inqubo ngangokunokwenzeka, kufanele sibeke izinto ezizogcinwa endaweni eyaziwayo njengoku, isibonelo, ikhaya lakho. Nakulokhu futhi, ukuqhubekisela phambili lo mqondo, simelela imvelo ngomgwaqo owakhiwe.

Njengoba sikwazi ukubona, kuyindaba yokubona ngeso lengqondo izinto nokuzibeka emiqondweni ngokwendlela. Ukuzikhumbula kamuva, okudingeka sikwenze nje ukubuyisa ngokomqondo lolu hambo ngokuya "ukubona" ​​ukuthi yiziphi izinto esizibambe ngekhanda. Elula, akunjalo?

Ukwakha inkumbulo 2

Masiqhubekele ocwaningweni ...

Ababhali bocwaningo[1] ekuqaleni bakhetha iqembu labasubathi bememori neqembu labantu "abajwayelekile", bebabeka ekuhlolweni kwenkumbulo (ngekhanda ngamagama angama-72) kanye nokusebenza kwengqondo kobuhlakani obusebenzayo (indlela yokubuka ubuchopho ukuthi, ngomshini othile, ikuvumela ukuthi u bheka ukuthi yiziphi izindawo ezisebenza kakhulu ngasikhathi esithile). Ngemuva kwemizuzu engama-20 kwakwenzekile ukuthola imininingwane elandelayo: abasubathi bakwazile ukukhumbula cishe wonke amagama (ngokwesilinganiso ama-71 kwezingu-72) ngenkathi ababona abasubathi bekhumbula nje isigamu sabo (cishe i-40).

Ngomzuzwana wesibili abalingisi bemidlalo babehlukaniswe ngamaqembu ama-3:

  • Iqembu lokuqala ibekwe ngaphansi kwe ukuqeqeshwa kwenkumbulo yesikhathi eside, Amaviki ayi-6 ahlala isikhathi eside, ukuze ufunde ama-mnemotechnics afana nalawo asetshenziswa ngabasubathi bememori
  • Iqembu lesibili ibekwe ngaphansi kwe ukuqeqeshwa kwe inkumbulo yokusebenza, uhlala amasonto ayi-6
  • Iqembu lesithathu akazange enze noma ikuphi ukuqeqeshwa

Bonke abantu abamaqembu amathathu babehlolwe inkumbulo futhi besebenza ngokuhlolwa kwezimo ezilinganayo zombili ngaphambi nangemva kokuqeqeshwa (iqembu lesithathu ngokusobala, ngokungafani nelinye, lihlolwe kabusha ngemuva kwamasonto ayi-6 lokungasebenzi).

Lapho uqeda ukuqeqeshwa izifundo eziye zaqeqeshwa nge-mnemotechnical zikhuphule ukusebenza kwazo ngokufinyelela kulabo abasubathi bememori; ngaphezu kwalokho, indlela yabo yokusebenzisa ubuchopho nayo yayiqale ukufana neyabagibeli bememori. Lezi zinguquko ziqhubeke ngemuva kwezinye izinyanga ezi-4 ngaphandle kokuqhubeka nokuqeqeshwa.

Kwamanye amaqembu amabili, noma kunjalo, akukho shintsho olubalulekile olwaqapheleka.

Hhayi ukucabanga okubi ukuthi bekuyisikhathi sokuqeqesha esifushane (cishe inyanga nesigamu). Kodwa-ke, ukungabaza kuhlala kungukuthi lezi zindlela azihlanganisi ezinye izimo kunezinye zokuhlola, okungukuthi, kubalulekile ukubheka ukuthi abantu abafunda lezi mnemotechnics bangazuza yini empilweni yansuku zonke. Kodwa-ke, kusaqhubeka ucwaningo lokuphendula lo mbuzo wokugcina.

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