Noma ngubani osebenzelana ne-neuropsychology yabantu abadala uyazi i-Mini-Mental State Examination[2] (I-MMSE) futhi mhlawumbe, uma inikezwe udumo lwayo, ochwepheshe abaningi ababhekana nezici zokuqonda esikhathini sokuthuthuka nayo bazoyazi ngayo.
Cishe ukuhlolwa kokuhlola okwaziwa kabanzi lapho usumdala futhi ikakhulukazi eminyakeni yobudala.

Naphezu kokulinganiselwa okuningi[3], lokhu kuvivinya kuyashesha, kulula ukuphatha futhi kunokwethenjwa. Ngakho-ke, ukumangalisa kwayo ngokweqile ezingeni lomhlaba wonke emkhakheni wezwe.
Ngokunikezwa lezi zimfanelo ezisanda kushiwo, Scarpa kanye nozakwabo[5] uthathe isinqumo sokwakha uguquko lwesikhathi sokukhula, ukuze sisetshenziswe nezingane eziphakathi kweminyaka eyisithupha nengu-6. Futhi I-Mini-Mental State Pediatric Examination (MMSPE).

Lokhu kufakwa kuhlanganisa izinto ezihlolaukuma esikhaleni nesikhathi (kanye nedatha ye-autobiographical), comprensione e ukukhiqizwa ngamazwi, amakhono wokufanekisa, Ukufundwa, lokubhala e ukubala, inkumbulo ngamazwi, inkumbulo yokusebenza, ukulandelana okunengqondo, amakhono wokwakha, ukuqashelwa kobumba nemibala, ukuqwashisa ngephethini yomzimba e imisebenzi ephezulu.
Ukuhlola okulungiselelwe kuyadingeka ezingeni lokubambisana, ukunakwa kanye nokweneleka kwengqikithi.


I-cut-offs (I-5th percentile) yezinzuzo, ekugcineni, ziyaguqulwa ngesisekelo se izinga lemfundo labazali.

Ababhali bakholelwa ukuthi lokhu kuhlolwa kungenzeka kube lusizo ekutholakaleni kwemitholampilo, ikakhulukazi ngezimo zengqondo nezengqondo ezibonisa ukusebenzisana okungahambi kahle nokunakwa okunganele kokubamba ukusekela ukuhlolwa kwe-neuropsychological okuningana (nokujulile).

Ngemuva kwalokho uPeviani nozakwabo[4] ngilungisile lolu vivinyo eminyakeni ephansi kakhulu, okwenza ukuthi lusetshenziswe nezingane ezineminyaka engu-36 kuye kwengama-72.

Kokunye ucwaningo, uCainelli kanye nababambisene nabo[1] bahlole ikhono le-MMSPE ukuhlola ukuthi ikwazile kanjani ukubona kahle izingane nentsha enesiphene sokuqonda.
Iqembu labantu abavela esikoleni samabanga aphansi naphansi labelwa i-MMSPE, base beqhathanisa imininingwane naleyo evela ibhethri yokuhlolwa kwe-neuropsychological okubanzi, okubandakanya Imibala ka-Raven matric, ubufakazi ihlelo e ukushisa kwe-semantic, Isikhala samadijithi qondisa futhi uhlehlise, Ukuhlolwa kwezinsimbi e umkhuhlane wemisindvo.
Abaphenyi bachaze "njengabantu abanokushoda kwe-neuropsychological" bonke labo abathole izilinganiso zokusweleka ezimbili noma ngaphezulu (ukusebenza ngaphansi kwe-5th percentile) bese basebenzisa imiphumela evela ebhethri lokuhlola njenge izinga legolide.

Yini abayibonile?

Isebenzisa ibhethri le-neuropsychological elichazwe ngenhla njengesiqhathaniso, i-MMSPE ikhombise ukunemba kokuqonda kwe-83%, hhayi okuhle kakhulu, kanye nokucacisa okuhle (91%) kuqhathaniswa nokuzwela okuphansi (74%). Inani lokubikezela okuhle nenani lokuqagela elingelona iqiniso belingajabulisi kungaba, 87% no-81%, ngokulandelana (ukuthola incazelo esheshayo yalokho unembeza, lo ngokucacileit inani elifanelekayo lokubikezela futhi i inani elingekuhle ukuqagela, thintana nathi glossary).
Ngamanye amagama, i-MMSPE ikwazile ukukhipha abantu abangama-91% ngaphandle kokuntuleka kokuqonda kodwa ikhonjwe ngokungafanele njengo- "ophilile" 26% wabantu empeleni abenezinto ezisilelayo engqondweni.

Ngokufingqa, lokhu kuhlolwa kubonakala kuwusizo, sibonga ukushesha kokuphatha kwabo, lapho kungenakwenzeka khona ukwenza ukuhlola okuphelele nokunembile. Ababhali, ngokwesibonelo, bakwazisa ukusebenzisa kwabo udokotela wezingane njengesihlolisiso ukuze baqonde uma kudingeka ucwaningo lwe-neuropsychological olulandelayo. Kodwa-ke, ukuzwela okuphansi kunciphisa ukusebenza kwabo kahle ekuboneni izingane ngobunzima bokuqonda (okusazophenywa futhi) kusukela, kususelwa kwidatha yocwaningo olukhonjiwe[1], cishe ingane eyodwa kwezine enobuthakathaka ibungeke ikhonjwe yi-MMSPE.

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