Yenzelwe bani: Izingane nentsha enobunzima besikole
Kuthatha isikhathi esingakanani: Izinsuku ezingama-2-3 cishe
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Iphela kanjani: Umbiko wokugcina kanye nokuxilongwa okungenzeka (i-DSA)

Nge-Ugo Bassi 10, eBologna

Ngabe ukutholakala kwe-ASD kwangasese kuvunyelwe esikoleni?

Ngabe ukuhlolwa kwemithi yokwelashwa kwe-neuropsychological kanye nokukhuluma kuqukethe ini?

Inhloso yenqubo yokuxilonga ukwenza eyodwa ukuhlolwa okunembile kwamakhono nobunzima yomfana, ngokusebenzisa izinkulumo e test eyenziwe yafanela ukuhlola amakhono ezindaweni eziningi.

Amakhono aphenywayo angenziwa maningi, kufaka phakathi i ulimi, lo inkumbulo, TheAttenzione namakhono we ukucabanga. Ezimweni zobunzima besikole, izivivinyo ezijwayelekile zokufunda nazo ziyenziwa (Ukufundwa, lokubhala e ukubala).


Ekupheleni kokuhlolwa, kukhishwa umbiko obhaliwe lapho kubikwa khona izimfanelo eziphambili (ubunzima namandla) omuntu.

Kwezinye izimo lezi zici zivumela ukwenza ukuxilongwa kwenkinga yokufunda ethile (dyslexia, dysorthography, dyscalculia, dysgraphia), ukuphazamiseka ukunakwa (ADHD) kanye / noma ukuphazamiseka kolimi oluthile.

Noma yikuphi ukuxilongwa kwe-DSA okukhishwe ekugcineni kohlolo kuyamukelwa e-Emilia-Romagna njengokuxilongwa kweNational Health Service, njengoba kudingwa imihlahlandlela ye-DSA yesiFunda sase-Emilia-Romagna.

Yenzelwe bani?

Lolu hlobo lwendlela lulungele ikakhulukazi izinhlobo eziningi zezimo. Isibonelo, lapho umuntu enenkinga yokuhlala egxile, ekhanda ulwazi nezinqubo (imibhalo ezofundwa, amatafula, izinqubo zokubala ...), ukuveza imiqondo, ukufunda kahle nokuqonda imininingwane ebhaliwe neyomlomo. Ilusizo ikakhulukazi lapho kusolwa ezinye zalezi zimo:

  • dyslexia (izinkinga zokufunda)
  • dysorthography (izinkinga zesipelingi)
  • dyscalculia (izinkinga zokubala)
  • dysgraphia (Izinkinga ezikhiqiza ukubhala okuhle)
  • ADHD (ukunakwa nezinkinga zokuphoqelela)
  • Ukuphazamiseka kwenkulumo

Kwenziwa kanjani?

Ingxoxo ye-Anamnestic. Kungumzuzu wokucabanga okuhlose ukuqoqa imininingwane efanele ngomlando wezempilo wesiguli. Lesi sigaba sisiza ekuboneni inkinga okungenzeka ngayo futhi sinikeza isifundo sokuqala sokusetha isigaba sokuhlola.

Ukuhlola nohlaka lokuxilonga. Ngesikhathi sokuhlola, ingane (noma umfana) izokwenza ezinye izivivinyo ezinenhloso, okuphelele, zokuphenya ukusebenza kwengqondo nokusebenza kokufunda.

Ukuhlelwa kombiko nokubuya kwengxoxo. Ekupheleni kwenqubo yokuxilonga, kuzokwethulwa umbiko ozobeka ngamafuphi lokho okuvela ezigabeni ezedlule. Iziphakamiso zokungenelela zizobikwa nazo. Lo mbiko uzokwethulwa futhi uchazelwe abazali ngenkathi kuqhubeka ingxoxo, echaza iziphetho ezifinyelelwe kanye neziphakamiso zokungenelela okulandelayo.

Yini engenziwa ngokulandelayo?

Ngokusekelwe kulokho okuqhamuka kuhlolo, izindlela ezahlukene zingaqaliswa:

Uma kwenzeka inkinga yokufunda ethize, ngenxa ye Umthetho we-170 / 2010, isikole kuzodingeka ukuthi sikhiqize idokhumenti elibizwa nge-Personalised Didactic Plan (PDP), lapho azokhombisa khona amathuluzi wokunxenxa nokusabalalisa kuzodingeka awasebenzise ukwenza ngokwezifiso ukufundisa ngezindlela zokufunda zezingane / zomfana (bheka futhi: ukuxilongwa kwe-DSA: okufanele ukwenze ngokulandelayo?).

Uma kwenzeka obunye ubunzima, ngokwesibonelo ukubhekisisa noma imemori, kungenzeka njalo ukuthi udwebe uhlelo lokufundisa olwenziwe umuntu uqobo ngokusebenzisa isekethe yongqongqoshe I-BES (Izidingo Ezikhethekile Zemfundo).

Ngaphezu kwalokho, imihlangano ye inkulumo Ukwelashwa ukwenza ngcono izici ezihlobene nolimi noma ukufunda (ukufunda, ukubhala nokubala), izifundo ze-neuropsychology ukuthuthukisa ukunakwa namakhono okukhumbula ngekhanda kanye nezifundo zokuqeqesha abazali ukuthola amasu afanele wokulawula noma yiziphi izinkinga zokuziphatha kwengane.

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iphutha: Okuqukethwe evikelwe !!