Kungokuhlangenwe nakho okujwayelekile ubunzima bokungena inkumbulo izingxabano ezidabukisayo ngakho-ke kulula ukuthi "baguqule" emiqondweni yethu. Kuyaziwa kakhulu ukuthi, kunalokho, izihloko ezithakazelisa thina (ezinhle nezingalungile) zihlala kanjani ziqinile emakhanda ethu. Inkinga, kepha, ukuthi iqiniso lansuku zonke lidinga ukuthi sifunde imininingwane eminingi esingakujabulela ukuyenza ngaphandle (esikoleni noma emsebenzini, ngokwesibonelo).

Ungenza kanjani-ke kulezi zimo? Imiphumela yocwaningo lwakamuva olwenziwe yiYunivesithi yaseCalifornia iphakamisa indawo ebalulekile yokucamngca: ukuba nesifiso sokuthile kungakuhlelela ukuba ungafaki ngekhanda imininingwane esiyibheka njengefanele kuphela kodwa futhi nentshisekelo encane.

Abaphenyi bafaka iqembu labantu ekufundeni imibono ethile eyinqaba, becela ukuveza izinga lokuthakazelela mayelana nalolu lwazi, futhi, phakathi kwengqondo eyodwa nomunye, kwaboniswa nezithombe zobuso ezazingahlobene nalokhu umsebenzi lezi zifundo ezenziwa kuwo.

Ngokucagela, abantu abenze lo msebenzi bakwazi ukukhumbula imininingwane kakhulu abathole bethakazelisa qhathanisa nezinye kodwa into eyamangaza kakhulu ukuthi ngisho nobuso obethulwe eduze kwale mibono efanelekile babuye bakhunjulwa ngaphezu kwalabo obukhonjisiwe lapho kunikezwe imininingwane engafanele.

Kumele futhi kuqashelwe ukuthi bonke ababambe iqhaza ocwaningweni bebengadingeki ukukhumbula lobu buso. Ngakho-ke kuzobukeka sengathi ingqondo yethu, lapho sinelukuluku lokwazi, iyakwazi ukusenza sifunde kalula ngisho nezinto esingasenandaba nazo, inqobo nje uma ulwazi esilutholayo lusinikeza isidingida ezinye izifundo.

Kufanele kucaciswe ukuthi lezi yizifundo zokuqala okufanele zithathwe ngokuqapha okungaqinisekisiwe nokunye kocwaningo oluzayo olucacisa izindlela ezisetshenziswayo ezisanda kuchazwa. Ukucwaninga okunjengalezi, kepha, kunikeza umbono omuhle wokuthi izindlela zokufundisa zingathuthuka kanjani ngokushesha uma zihlanganisa nolwazi lwe-psychology kanye ne-cositive neuroscience.

Ngaphezulu

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Ezinye izivivinyo ezisetshenzisiwe

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Izethenjwa zebhayibheli

IGruber, MJ, Gelman, BD, neRanganath, C. (2014). Amazwe weCurity Moderate Hippocampus-Dependent Learning nge-Dopaminergic Circuit. Neuron, 84: 486 - 496.

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