Labo abasilandelayo bayazi ukuthi sikhulume kaninginingi ngokuhlukanisa izinganekwane zamanga ngakho dyslexia, nangaphezulu uma kwenziwa ngabantu abakwenza ngendlela ecishe ibe serial (mhlawumbe ngenxa yokufuna ukubonakala noma mhlawumbe ngenxa yokungazi ngale ndaba).
Indlela yokwenza labo "abaphikisana" ngokungqubuzana nezinombolo (noma labo abadlala nabo besebenzisa ngokungafanele) iye yahlala isihlaba umxhwele futhi iholele ukuthi sibhale kabili ukuphendula eminye imiqondo ukusho okucatshangelwe okuncane.
Saqala sabhala le ndatshana ekuphenduleni emcabangweni wokuqagela ubekwa phambili wokuphika ukuba khona kwezifo ezithile zokufunda (ngokumelene nabo bonke ubufakazi obuvela ocwaningweni besayensi). Ngesinye isikhathi esikhundleni saphendula ngokukhomba ngephuzu 'kokongamela' kukaDaniel Novara okhona esitatimendeni sakhe somphakathi lapho ayevame ukukhuthaza izincwadi nezincwadi zakhe. Lokhu kubuka kuphathelene nokusetshenziswa okungalungile kwezinombolo noma imiqondo etholwe ngombono omuhle.

Sifuna ukuphendula namhlanje ku-cliché ukuthi kunokuxilongwa ngokweqile kwe-dyslexia. Futhi singathanda ukukwenza ngezinombolo. UDkt Barbiero we-IRCCS uBurlo Garofolo wase-Trieste ubanikela kithi ngokubambisana nabanye ozakwethu abaningi, futhi abavela kwezinye izifunda (iVeneto, iMarche, iLazio, i-Umbria, i-Abruzzo, iMolise neSardinia). Kunye lazo ucwaningo olushicilelwe ngonyaka ka-2019[1] bakhethe inani elikhulu kakhulu labafundi bebanga lesine ngezinhloso ezimbili:

  • Linganisa uma iphesenti yama-dyslexics ezikoleni bekulandelana okulindelwe (cishe i-4%)
  • Hlola ukuthi zingaki izingane ezi-dyslexic eza kukhonjwe kahle ngesikhathi sesikole samabanga aphansi (ukuxilonga okuningi kakhulu noma okumbalwa kakhulu?)

Ucwaningo

  • Emakilasini angama-712 abambe iqhaza ocwaningweni, izingane ezingama-9964 zabamba iqhaza ekuhlolweni kokuqala okusekelwe ekwahluleleni kothisha ngamakhono abo okufunda. Ngemuva kwaleli zinga lokuqala lokuhlola, kukhethwe izingane ezingama-2550 zazo, kusuka ezingeni lesibili lokuhlolwa (ngokususelwa ekuhlolweni kokubhala, kanye nezizathu ezimbili zokucabanga), izingane ezingama-744 kungenzeka zadonsa kanzima.
    Ekugcineni, isisetshenziswa sokugcina sezingane sathola elinye izinga lokuxilongwa ukuze kuqinisekiswe noma kuvulwe ukusolwa kwe-dyslexia. Ngemuva kwazo zonke lezi zinyathelo, isibalo sezingane ezitholakale sine-dyslexia sasingama-350 kwezingu-9964, i.e. ukuba khona kwe-dyslexia kwavela ku-3,5% yamacala.

Imininingwane efanele

  • Izinombolo bezihambisana nokulindelwe, ngamaphesenti okuxilongwa kwabantu okusondele ku-4% okulindelwe ababhali bocwaningo.
  • Kuzo zonke izampula, bangu-126 kuphela abafundi ababesethole isifo okusho ukuthi, kuso sonke isibalo sezikole ezihloliwe kuphela i-1,3% yezingane eseyamukelwe njenge-dyslexic.
  • Isibalo sokuxilongwa sasesinqunyelwe e-North Italy kunaseNingizimu, sifika kuleli cala lokugcinaukukhonjwa kwe-1/5 yama-dyslexics kuqhathaniswa nalawo akhona ezifundweni.

iziphetho

Ngaphambi kokugxumela eziphethweni ngokususelwa kuma-clichés, idatha etholakalayo kufanele ihlolwe ngokucophelela. Kuze kube manje, yize kunjalo, ezindaweni eziningi zase-Italy empeleni kukhona ukuhlonza izingane ezingekho esimweni sokukhula kahle ngokomqondo: ngocwaningo esikhulume ngalo munye kuphela kwabangu-3 dyslexics okhonjwa ngesikhathi sesikole samabanga aphansi (ngisho neyodwa nje kwezi-1 kwezinye izingxenye ze-Italy). Ama-5/2 asele ngeke akhonjwe noma ukuxilongwa sekwephuzile kuzobekwa engcupheni, kaningi kube nemiphumela ebalulekile ekusebenzeni kwesikole kanye nokuphindaphindeka kwenhlalonhle yengqondo.


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