Ingxenye enkulu yabantu manje isebenzisa i-WhatsApp ekuxhumaneni kwayo nsuku zonke. Ingabe lolu hlelo lokusebenza oluwusizo kakhulu lungasetshenziswa ukuthuthukisa ukuxhumana kubantu abane-aphasia? Kulesi sihloko sizokutshela ukuthi kungani, ngombono wethu, kungaba nje kanjalo.

Izifundo

Eminyakeni embalwa edlule, amabili i Ucwaningo lwama-case osebenzise ngokusobala ukuthumela imiyalezo ngaphakathi kwezindlela zokwelapha ze-aphasia: Ukubhala Ukwelashwa Kwe-Aphasia Indlela Yokuthumela Imiyalezo (nguRising et al, 2013) e Indlela ehlelekile yokuqeqesha ukuthumela imiyalezo kumuntu one-aphasia (Beeson et al., 2018). Kuzo zombili lezi zifundo, izifundo zazenze a ukuqeqeshwa kwangaphambilini kokuthuthukisa ukubhala ngesandla kwamagama single ngokwendlela ebizwa nge-CART (Copy and Recall Treatment, Beeson 1999) equkethe ukugcizelela ukumelwa kwe-orthographic ngekhophi futhi ukhumbule imisebenzi ehambisana nolwazi lwe-semantic (ikakhulukazi izithombe) ezinikezwe.

Ocwaningweni luka-2013, isiguli sathola amahora angama-15 ukwelashwa okungaphandle kanye namahora angama-15 somsebenzi wasekhaya isikhathi esingaphezu kwamasonto ayi-9). Isiguli sikhombisile ngcono okukhulu Kokubili emagameni akopishwe ngesandla (INQOLA) kanye nalawo abhalwe kuselula (T-CART). Ekulandeleni kwezinyanga ezingama-22, ukusebenza kwakusalungile, kepha kungcono kangcono kumagama abhalwe ngesandla (ukubhala ngesandla kungenzeka kusize ukuqinisa isipelingi ngaphezu kokuthayipha). Kodwa-ke, isici esibalulekile bekuwukusetshenziswa okuqhubekayo, kwesiguli, ifoni ephathekayo kanye nemiyalezo yokuxhumana okukude nomndeni nabangane.


Ocwaningweni luka-2018, kwenziwa imizamo yokuphakamisa a indlela ehleleke ngokwengeziwe futhi okubaluleke, ukwazi ukuhamba ngaphandle kokubhala igama elilodwa. Isiguli silandele indlela yezinyathelo ezintathu:

  1. Ukusetshenziswa okuyisisekelo kwefoni ephathekayo nokubhala kwamagama angawodwa (amaseshini ayi-16 ka-1h, ngaphezulu kwamasonto ayi-12)
  2. Ukubhala imisho ezishintshashintshweni zokuchazwa kwezingxoxo eziyi-9 ezichazwe ngaphambilini (amahora angu-8 ngaphezulu kwamaviki amane)
  3. Ukwanda nokwenziwa okujwayelekile: Izimpendulo ezingachaziwe nokusetshenziswa kwemisho emisha ukuqala ingxoxo (amahora ayi-10 ngaphandle kwamasonto ayi-5)

izinzuzo

Yiziphi izinzuzo zendlela enjalo?

  • Abantu abaningi basebenzisa i-smartphone nezinhlelo zokucubungula amagama; lokhu kuzokwenza ukuthi kususwe noma kwehliswe izigaba zokuqala zokuqeqeshwa zokusetshenziswa kwemoto ekhona njengamanje ikakhulukazi eqenjini elidala
  • Ukuphindaphindwa kweziteshi ezisebenzisekayo: inothi lezwi, umbhalo, i-emoticon, izithombe (bheka ngezansi)
  • Ukuthayipha kuvame ukuba lula umbhalo wesandla, ngoba akudingekile ukukhumbula incwadi evela kwimemori yomuntu, kepha ukuyithola ikhibhodi; nakhona inkumbulo yemoto ukuthayipha kungakusiza ukubhala igama ngokushesha okukhulu (cabanga, ngokwesibonelo, kwegama elithi "okuhle" elidinga ukushintshwa okufanayo kube futhi kabili ngokuhluka okuncane)
  • Kuqhathaniswa nokubhala kwikhibhodi, leyo esecingweni lweselula imvamisa kudinga isandla esisodwa kuphela (lula ezimweni ze-hemiplegia / hemiparesis)
  • Ukusetshenziswa kwe concealer futhi we ukuthayipha ithiphu kunganciphisa kakhulu ukukhathala kokubhala

Okufanele ukwenze ekuqondeni

Kusuka endaweni yokubukwa kwe comprensione ungathumela imiyalezo ngezindlela ezihlukile:

  • Inothi le-Vocal: lisiza ikakhulukazi lapho umuntu we-aphasic enobunzima bokufunda, kepha eqonda kahle ukukhuluma
  • Izithonjana: zingasetshenziswa zodwa (uma zichaza ngokwanele) noma ngokuhambisana nombhalo obhaliwe ukuthuthukisa umyalezo
  • Umbhalo: ungafundwa (uma amandla asele ekhona) eyedwa noma ehlangene nezithonjana, noma angaqhathaniswa netafula elibekwe ngesihloko se-aphasic
  • Photograph: ingathunyelwa njengempendulo uma kwenzeka isihloko se-aphasic sikuthola kunzima ukuqonda kokubili umbhalo obhaliwe nomusho owashiwo ngenothi yezwi

Okufanele ukwenze ekukhiqizeni

Kusuka endaweni yokubukwa kwe produzione ungathumela imiyalezo ngezindlela ezihlukile:

  • Inothi lezwi: noma nini lapho kungenzeka, okungenani ngamagama noma imisho emifushane
  • Ama-Emoticons: akuvumela ukuthi ufingqe umqondo ngesithombe esisodwa noma eziningi (isib. I-thermometer yomkhuhlane noma ubuso obuthukuthele)
  • Umbhalo: ungakhiqizwa ekhophi (ngokwesibonelo usebenzisa itafula lezinkulumo ezenziwe ngomumo) noma ngokuzenzakalela ngokuvuselela i-lexical noma ukwakheka kwezwi; ungasebenzisa isiphakamiso ukunciphisa umzamo ekubhaleni lonke igama.
  • Isithombe: singasiza ukukhombisa, ngokwesibonelo, inkinga (isb. I-vase iwele phansi)

Criticality

Okusemqoka criticality ukhathazekile

  • Isigaba sokuqeqeshwa eside kakhulu noma esincane salabo abaye bathola okuncane noma bangatholakali nakancane kumathuluzi edijithali
  • Ubunzima bokuqala bokukhomba izinhlamvu ezisekhibhodi ezinokuhlelwa okuhlukile kusuka kwe-alfabhethi
  • Umbono we-peripheral, motor noma ukuxhumanisa ongahlisa ukufunda nokubhala kakhulu

iziphetho

Kuze kube manje ubufakazi obukhona kuphela obuthinta izifundo ezilula kodwa, ngakolunye uhlangothi, ubuningi beziteshi zokuxhumana ezenziwe butholakele ngobuchwepheshe obusha (umbhalo, imifanekiso, umsindo, izithombe), ngakolunye uhlangothi inani "lemvelo" lolu hlobo lwendlela ( abantu bajwayele ukusebenzisa i-WhatsApp ukuxhumana nokwenza ngcono ikhono labo lokwenza lokho kungaba nemiphumela ebalulekile kwikhwalithi yempilo yabo) kusiholele ekucabangeni ukuthi ukuvuselelwa kokubhala kuma-smartphones kuzoba nesisindo esibalulekile maduze.

Kungakuthanda futhi

I-Aphasia ayinayo nje imizwa engokomzwelo kodwa futhi nezindleko zomnotho zesiguli nomndeni waso. Abanye abantu, ngenxa yezizathu zezomnotho, banciphisa amathuba abo okuvuselela, yize kunobufakazi obusekela isidingo somsebenzi oqinile nongaguquguquki. Ngalesi sizathu, kusukela ngoSepthemba 2020, zonke izinhlelo zethu zokusebenza zingasetshenziswa mahhala online ku I-GameCenter Aphasia futhi amashidi wethu womsebenzi ayatholakala lapha: https://www.trainingcognitivo.it/le-nostre-schede-in-pdf-gratuite/

Okwezindatshana zethiyori kui-aphasia ungavakashela kungobo yomlando yethu.

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