Sivame ukuzwa ngabantu abane-dyslexia abahlakaniphe kakhulu, futhi ezinye izincwadi ezithandwa kakhulu kungenzeka zisizile ekusabalaliseni umbono wokuthi ubuhlakani obuphezulu buvame kakhulu kumongo wokuphazamiseka kokufunda okuthile. Kodwa-ke, lokhu kubukwa kususelwa kuma-anecdotes kunedatha eqinisekisiwe. Lingakanani iqiniso lapho?
Lona ngumbuzo uToffanini azame ukuwuphendula[1] nozakwabo eminyakeni embalwa edlule ngocwaningo lwabo.

Batholani?

Ngaphambi kokudlulela emiphumeleni, indawo kufanelekile: njengoba sekuchaziwe kwezinye izimo (ngokwesibonelo ku-athikili ku- Amaphrofayli we-WISC-IV kuma-DSA), kubantu abacishe babe ngama-50% abanokukhubazeka okuthile ekufundeni i-IQ ayichazeki ngenxa yokungafani okukhulu phakathi kwama-indices ahlukahlukene, ikakhulu ngenxa yokungasebenzi kahle kwenkumbulo yokusebenza ngamazwi. Kulezi zimo sisebenzisa ukusetshenziswa kwe-Inkomba ejwayelekile yamakhono (iqoqo lezikolo eziphathelene nokuhlolwa kokucabanga ngomlomo nangokubuka, ngaphandle kwememori yokusebenza ngomlomo kanye nokuhlolwa kwejubane lokucubungula); le nqubo ibuye ithethelelwe ngezifundo ezithile ezigqamisa ukuhlangana okuphezulu kakhulu phakathi kwale nkomba ne-IQ[2], yize amaphuzu wokugcina eqagela kakhulu empumelelweni kwezemfundo nakwezemfundo kunamanye amapharamitha atholakala ku-WISC-IV[1], leso isivivinyo esisetshenziswa kakhulu ekuhloleni kwengqondo (kulokhu, kungasiza ukufunda i- indatshana edlule).


Ngakho-ke, kusukela ekucabangeni ukuthi esimweni sokukhubazeka kokufunda okuthile (i-SLD) kufaneleke kakhulu ukukala ileveli yengqondo ngokusebenzisaInkomba ejwayelekile yamakhono (esikhundleni se-IQ), ababhali balolu cwaningo babefuna ukubona ukuthi kukangakanani, phakathi kwabantu abane-ASD, ubuhlakani obuhambisana nokuhlukaniswa kokunikezwa okungaphezulu.

Masiqhubekele kokukhulu - okuthakazelisa kakhulu - imiphumela evela kulolu cwaningo:

  • Kusetshenziswa i-IQ, kuphela abantu abangu-0,71% abane-SLD abanesipho esedlulele, ngenkathi kubantu abaningi lesi silinganiso singu-1,82% (okusho kusampula yokulinganisa ye-WISC-IV).
    Ngakho-ke, ngokulinganisa izinga lobuhlakani nge-IQ, kungabonakala ukuthi phakathi kwabantu abanokukhubazeka okuthile ekufundeni kunabantu abangaphansi kwengxenye yabanikwe izipho kunalabo abanye abantu.
  • Ngakolunye uhlangothi, uma sisebenzisa i-General Skill Index (esiyibonile njengesilinganiso esinokwethenjelwa ngokwengeziwe sezinga lokuqonda ngokukhubazeka okuthile kokufunda), kuvela ukuthi labo abanokukhubazeka okuthile ekufundeni bangaphezu kokuphindwe kabili kunalokho kubantu abaningi, lokho kungu-3,75%.

Yize ngokuqapha okufanelekile (akucaci ukuthi isampuli yabantu abasetshenziswe kulolu cwaningo lukhethwe kanjani), imininingwane ibonakala iphakamisa ukuba khona okuphawuleka kakhulu kwabantu abanesiphiwo esikhulu phakathi kwabantu abane-ASD uma kuqhathaniswa kwenzekani phakathi kwabantu abanentuthuko ejwayelekile.

Ucwaningo olwengeziwe kufanele lukhanyise ngezimbangela ezingaba khona zalesi simo.

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iphutha: Okuqukethwe evikelwe !!