Ukuhlolwa okuningi kokuhlola ukukhuluma ezinganeni nakubantu abadala kuncike emisebenzini yokuqamba amagama noma ekukhetheni phakathi kwezimpendulo ezahlukahlukene. Ngenkathi lezi zivivinyo zilusizo futhi zilungiswa ngokushesha, engozini yokungabambi iphrofayili ephelele yokuxhumana yomuntu esimgadileyo, ngengozi yokungafinyeleli kwezinhloso zanoma yikuphi ukungenelela.

Eqinisweni, amakhono angaqondakali nawokulandisa amele ingxenye yolimi "yemvelo" kakhulu njengolimi lwengane nolomdala aziveli ochungechungeni lwamakhono okuqamba amagama noma okukhetha, kepha ngokwazi ukuxhumana nabanye futhi ubike okwenzeka kubo.

Ngokuqondile ngalesi sizathu, inhloso enkulu yokungenelela kwenkulumo kufanele kube ukuthuthukisa ikhono lomuntu lokuqonda imininingwane abayitholayo futhi baziveze ngokuphelele nangokunemba ngangokunokwenzeka. Ngokuqinisekile asikwazanga ukuchaza "ukuphumelela" ukungenelela kwenkulumo okwazi ukukhulisa inani lamagama esivivinyo esinikeziwe esaziwa yingane, kodwa okungabe nomphumela osebenzayo ekukwazi kwakhe ukuxhumana nabanye.


Ngaphandle kwalokhu, amakhono okuphikisayo nawokulandisa avame ukunganakwa ekuhlolweni kolimi, ngaphandle kwalapho kunesicelo esicacile. Lokhu kwenzeka zombili ngoba ezigabeni zokuqala zokutholwa kolimi kugxilwe kakhulu esicini sefonological-articulatory - futhi ngoba kulula kakhulu ukubona ingane eyenza amaphutha okubiza amagama, ngenkathi ingane inezinkinga ezilandisayo kuvame ukunciphisa ukuxhumana kwayo ukuthola izimpendulo ezimfushane futhi ngenxa yalesi sizathu uvame ukubizwa ngokuthi unamahloni noma ukwethula - womabili ngoba ngokunembile ukuhlaziywa kokulandisa kuyinde futhi kuyakhathaza, ikakhulukazi uma ungajwayele ukukwenza.

Ngaphandle kokuhlolwa okusetshenzisiwe, kunezinkomba ezimbili ezingasinikeza imininingwane ebalulekile ngamakhono okukhuluma nawokulandisa engane nakumuntu omdala:

  • Amagama ngomzuzu (PPM noma WPM ngesiNgisi): inani eliphelele lamagama kungenzeka ukuthi selivele liyinkomba ebalulekile, kepha ukuqhathanisa inani lamagama nesikhathi esithathiwe ukuwakhiqiza kungahle kube yimikhiqizo efanele kodwa ehamba kancane. Ngokwesifundo sikaDeDe noHoover [1], ngokwesibonelo, ukukhiqizwa okungaphansi kwe-100 PPM kumuntu omdala kungakhombisa i-aphasia. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ngokusho kwababhali abafanayo, le nkomba ibonakala izwela kakhulu ekwelashweni uma kune-aphasia elinganiselayo neqinile
  • Amayunithi Olwazi Olufanele (CIU): ngokwencazelo kaNicholas noBrookshire [3] "amagama aqondakalayo kumongo, anembile maqondana nesithombe noma isihloko, afanele futhi afundisayo maqondana nokuqukethwe isithombe noma isihloko". Lesi silinganiso, okususa amagama angabalulekanga esibalweni njengama-interlayers, ukuphindaphinda, ukungenelela kanye nama-paraphasias, nakho kungahle kuhlobene nenani lamagama akhiqiziwe (ama-CIU / amagama aphelele) noma isikhathi (i-CIU / iminithi) sokuhlaziya okucwengisisiwe.

Ukuthola eminye imininingwane ngezinyathelo ezengeziwe, sincoma ibhukwana "Ukuhlaziywa kwenkulumo kanye nezifo zolimi”NguMarini noCharlemagne [2].

Bibliografia

[1] UDeDe, G. & Hoover, E. (2021). Kukala ushintsho ezingeni lenkulumo kulandela ukwelashwa kwengxoxo: izibonelo ezivela ku-aphasia emnene nenzima. Izihloko Zokuphazamiseka KoLimi.

[2] IMarinini neCharlemagne, ukuhlaziywa kwenkulumo kanye nezifo zolimi, Springer, 2004

[3] UNicholas LE, Brookshire RH. Uhlelo lokulinganisa ukufundiseka nokusebenza kahle kwenkulumo exhunyiwe yabantu abadala abane-aphasia. J Inkulumo Yizwa Res. 1993 Apr; 36 (2): 338-50

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