Kusukela kumthetho odumile we-170 ka-2010 sikhuluma ngokuningi dyslexia nezinkinga ezithile zokufunda. Isikole kanye nomphakathi uwonke ubonakala usazi kabanzi ngesihloko (ngokwesibonelo, ukubukelwa kwesinye isikhathi kuvame kakhulu) nokho abazali abaningi, lapho bethatha ingane yabo ukuhlolwa kwe-neuropsychological, bangena esimweni sokuphazamiseka ngoba bayazi ukuthi umfana uzobhekana nezinye izivivinyo kodwa angazi ukuthi kusho ukuthini kulokhu.

Ake sizame ukucacisa ukuqala kwencazelo yokuphazamiseka kokufunda okuthile: inkinga yokufunda ethize yisimo esibonakaliswa a ukusilela ekufundeni ukufunda kanye / noma ukubhala kanye / noma ukubalwa phambi kwe par intelligence , isipiliyoni semfundo evamile yesikole nemfundo, ekushintsheni kwezinguquko zemizwa ezingase zivumele lobu bunzima (bona lapha ukuze uthole izincazelo ezibanzi: dyslexia, dysorthography, dyscalculia, dysgraphia).


Ngamanye amagama (nokwenza lula lula), kumayelana abantu abahlakaniphile abalwa kakhulu kunalokho obekufanele bakufunde esikoleni. Kungenxa yale ncazelo lapho kukhethwa khona izivivinyo zokuxilongwa. le ukuhlolwa kwe-neuropsychological kuvame ukuthinta l'intelligence nokufunda uku Ukufundwa, lokubhala e ukubala. Ngayiphi indlela?

Ubuhlakani: izivivinyo ezi-multicomponential noma ze-monocomponential?

intelligence: Ingqungquthela Yokuvumelana (ikomidi lochwepheshe) ibeka ukuthi a ukuhlolwa kwamakhemikhali amaningi ukulinganisa izinga lobuhlakani (imvamisa i- I-WISC IV). Kwabangewona ochwepheshe, luwuchungechunge lwezivivinyo ingane ezivivinyelwa ezahlukahlukene ezihlola ngayo izindawo ezahlukene kufaka phakathi, ukucabanga kokubona (ngokwesibonelo, amandla okuthola izisombululo kwizibalo ezibonakala zingenanjongo ), inkumbulo yokusebenza (uhlobo lwenkumbulo yesikhathi esifushane lapho kwenziwa khona inkohliso yolwazi), amakhono wesikole (imibuzo ngesitayela se- "isiko elijwayelekile") amakhono okubheka (ngokwesibonelo ngemisebenzi yokusesha izimpawu ephepheni).

Kwezinye izimo asetshenziswa ukuhlolwa kwesakhi esisodwa wezinga lobuhlakani (kuleli cala sizothola amagama nama-akhronimi anjenge Raven Progressive Matrices, CPM, SPM, PM-47, PM-38, Leiter-III, I-TINV...). Kumayelana isivivinyo sokuphatha esisheshayo uma kuqhathaniswa nalezi ezinhlobonhlobo eziningi futhi ezivame ukukhathalela ukuhlolwa okwenziwa ngaphandle kokulamula kwezilimi (okungukuthi, asikho isidingo sokukhuluma). Lokhu kwesibili ayinconywa kusuka Engqungqutheleni Yokuvumelana.

Izifundo

UKUFUNDA KWESIKOLO: izivivinyo ziphenya ikhono Ukufundwa (isivinini e ngokunemba), lokubhala e ukubala.

Ikakhulukazi:

dyslexiadysorthographydyscalculiadysgraphia
UDe.Co.Ne (amagama, hhayi amagama, ucezu lwamagama okungewona awamagama)I-DDE-2 (amagama, hhayi amagama nemishwana)Bde-2BHK
I-DDE-2 (amagama hhayi amagama)I-DDO-2 (Amagama)AC-MT 6-11I-DGM-P
Ukuhlolwa kokufunda S. Lucia (amagama, hhayi amagama, ucezu)I-BVSCO-2 (imisho nengoma)AC-MT 11-14
Izivivinyo zeMT zesikole samabanga aphansi (Iculo)MT16-19 (amagama hhayi amagama)I-ABCA
Izivivinyo ezintsha zeMT zesikole sebanga lokuqala (Iculo)I-MT-Advanced 3 (amagama, hhayi amagama nengoma)ABCA 14-16
I-MT-Advanced 3 (amagama, hhayi amagama nengoma)I-MT-Advanced 3
MT16-19 (amagama, hhayi amagama nendima)

Ukubaluleka kokujula

Esimweni lapho ukuhlolwa kwezinga lobuhlakani kuya ngokuya, kusukela ngo-85 kuya phezulu, futhi okunye noma konke ukufunda kwesikole kusezingeni lokushoda (imvamisa kungaphansi kwe-5th percentile noma ngaphansi kokuphambuka okujwayelekile kwesibili), singakhuluma ngokuphazamiseka ethize ukufunda (QAPHELA nokho ku-IQ ngoba kuyinombolo nje ngenkathi ukuhumusha kuyinkimbinkimbi ngokwengeziwe!) ..

Okuchaziwe kuze kube manje ubuncane obungenalutho (hhayi ukukhetha okuhle) Ukuxilongwa kwe-DSA kuthathwe njengokufanele. Kodwa-ke, izici ezahlukahlukene zokusebenziseka kwengqondo zizophenywa ngokuya ngezinsolo zabasebenzi abaqhuba lolu hlolo. Ngeshwa, kuvame kakhulu ukuthi izivivinyo zikhawulelwe ekuhlolweni kobunhloli kanye nokuhlolwa okuthile kokufunda, ukubhala nokubala.

Ukuqhubekela phambili kumacala athembisa kakhudlwana (lawo aqhutshwa kuwo) vera ukuhlaziya ngokuphelele) ngemuva kokuphenya izinga lobuhlakani obujwayelekile kanye nezinga lokufunda esikoleni, ingane ibhekana nezinye izivivinyo eziningi ukuqonda umsebenzi wayo wokuqonda ngokuningiliziwe ngoba ukwazi indlela yakhe eqondile yokusebenzisa imininingwane kuyisidingo esihle kakhulu sokumsiza esikoleni (futhi hhayi kuphela).

Kulezi zimo zenhlanhla, amagama nezifinyezo ezifana ne-CAS kuzofundwa embikweni wokuxilongwa, I-TOL (noma i-Tower of London), WCST, NEPSY-II, BIA, I-PPVT, TROG-2, Brizzolara, I-BVN 5-11, I-BVN 12-18, Inhibition, BVS-Izifundo, ISIQEPHU, Ukunakwa kanye okuhlushwa, Ukusebenza komsindo, Frog, isinxephezelo semiyalo, Ikhophi yemidwebo, Ukunakwa kwe-Auditory, isethi yokuphendula, Inkumbulo yohlu, Ukulandisa okulandisayo, Imemori yokudweba, Ukuphazanyiswa kohlu lwamagama, ukuguquguquka ngokushelela, ukuhleleka okusheshayo, ukunakwa okubukwayo, ukubukeka kahle komfanekiso, Ukuqashelwa okumangazayo, ukukhonjwa kwezinombolo, ukuqhathanisa izinombolo, ukuxhumana okuhleliwe nabanye abaningi engingabasho ngezizathu zesikhala.

Ungakhathazeki ngala maqondana, akuyona into ebuhlungu noma ebuhlungu. Ngaphandle kokungena imininingwane yalunye lwalezi zivivinyo, bebonke babheka amanye amakhono avela ezinganeni ukuthi izivivinyo ezishiwo ekuqaleni azihlole ngokwanele njengokuthi, ngokwesibonelo, inkumbulo yesikhashana, di lavoro kanye isikhathi eside (Kokubili ngomlomo nangokubona), izinhlobo ezahlukahlukene ze Attenzione (isb. kusekelwa, kukhethwa futhi kuguqulwa), abanye imisebenzi ephezulu (njengokuvinjwa nokuguquguquka kwengqondo, bona lapha ukuthola incazelo ebanzi), izakhi ezahlukahlukene zolimi ...

Faka imigomo eqondakala kakhudlwana, zonke lezi ezinye izivivinyo ingane ezingabhekana nazo ukuze ziqonde ngokucacile izici eziningi ezibalulekile njengokukwazi ukuboleka Attenzione ekilasini, izinga lokuqonda izincazelo azidingayo, amandla okuqonda okukhulunywa akhulunywayo (kanye nokubhaliwe) nolimi ukuze azwakalise, izinga angalikhanda ngekhanda ...

Ekuphetheni ...

Kafushane, ukuhlolwa kokuhlolwa iqukethe izivivinyo ezihloselwe ukwazi ingane ngamakhono ayo okuqonda (ngokuqapha, inkumbulo, ulimi, Ukubonisana ...). Ikakhulu, uzozithola enza izinhlobo ezahlukahlukene zemisebenzi efana nezinto zokwakha, athinte abanye ngokwemiyalo, athole izithombe, asho izinto eziningi ngesikhathi esinikeziwe, ukudweba, ukubhala, ukwenza izibalo ...

Ngamafuphi, izinto eziningi, noma zidiniwe, azilimazi futhi, ekugcineni kosuku, zisebenzela ukuqonda kangcono izinkinga futhi (lapho kungenzeka) ukuzixazulula noma ukuzidambisa ngokuxhaphaza lokho okubonakalayo okungase kube khona.

Ngabe ufuna ukucela ukuhlolwa?

Yonke imininingwane ewusizo: izikhathi, indawo, izindleko

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