Kungenzeka ukuthi hlanganisa amasu okushukumisela nokuqeqeshwa kwengqondo uyakhuphula ukusebenza kwayo? Lo ngumbuzo abanye abacwaningi abavela eMelika abazibuze wona nokuthi baphendule ukuthi sebakhe isifundo[1] lapho ukwelashwa okwenziwa ngekhompyutha kuhlanganiswe nendlela yokugqugquzela, okubonisa ukuthuthuka okukhulu ezingeni lokuqonda okujwayelekile, amakhono enkumbulo nemizwa.

Ucwaningo

Abaphenyi bakhethe iqembu labantu asebekhulile abangama-74 abanokulimazeka kwengqondo ezingeni elingaphansi, balihlukanisa baba ngamaqembu amathathu, amaqembu amabili wokuhlola neqembu lokulawula:

  1. Iqembu lokuqala lenze isikhathi esingamaviki ayi-16 ukugqugquzela okwenziwe ngekhompyutha okuhlanganiswe namasu okugqugquzela (inani lamahora angama-30)
  2. Iqembu lesibili lenze isikhathi samaviki ayi-16 ukuvuselelwa ngekhompyutha kepha akuhlanganwanga namasu wokugqugquzela (isikhathi esingamahora angama-30)
  3. Iqembu lokulawula lesithathu elisetshenzisiwe, ngesikhathi esifanayo namanye amaqembu amabili, imidlalo yekhompyutha kanye namaphazili atholakalayo emakethe (I-crossword, sudoku, umdlalo wobuchopho ...)

 

Bonke ababambe iqhaza ocwaningweni bahlolwe kabili, kwaba ngaphambi kokuqala kokwelashwa kwathi ezinyangeni ezi-4 kamuva. Ngokuqondile, izici ezilandelayo zahlolwa:


  1. Ukusebenza kokuqonda komqondo womhlaba jikelele (i-MMSE ngokufakwa kwesikhala samadijithi we-WAIS-R, ukubalwa nokuhlolwa kokunaka, ulwazi olujwayelekile, ulimi nezindlela zokwakha)
  2. Inkumbulo ye-Verbal ne-visuo-spatial (Memory Memory and Visual Reproduction of Wechsler Memory Scale, kanye neBuschke Selection Reminding Test)
  3. Izinga lemood self-elibikwe yizifundo (Beck Depression Inventory II)

Imiphumela

Kokubili ukukhuthaza kwengqondo okuhlanganiswe namasu okugqugquzela kanye nokuqeqeshwa kwengqondo okwenziwa ngekhompyutha, kuhlangene nokwehluka okuthile, likhuphule izinga lokuqonda okujwayelekile, ikhono lokufunda e inkumbulo ngamazwi. Ngaphezu kwalokho, uhlobo lokuqala lokwelashwa luhilela a isimo esithuthukisiwe yababambiqhaza.

iziphetho

Njengoba kunikezwe izindleko zenhlalo nezomnotho zezifo ezifana ne-Alzheimer's, Kubalulekile ukusebenzisa ukuthi baphuza ukubonakaliswa kwezimpawu zokuwohloka komqondo. Ababhali balolu cwaningo[1] besanda kuxoxa babika ukuthi, e-United States, ukuvimbela ukwehla kwamaphoyinti ama-2 ku-MMSE kuzoletha ukonga kwezinkulungwane zamadola ngonyaka ngomndeni ngamunye, ngenkathi ukwanda kwamaphoyinti amabili kuzoholela kokonga okukhulu kakhulu.
Uma ngakolunye uhlangothi ucwaningo olusanda kuxoxwa lukhombisa ukuthi lukhona ukuphakama kokwelashwa okwenziwa ngekhompyutha kuqhathaniswa nokukhuthaza okungaqondile (lokho kweqembu lokulawula), kubalulekile ukubona imiphumela yayo yesikhathi eside. Kulokhu, ababhali bocwaningo bamemezela ukuthi banezinye izifundo eziqhubekayo ngenhloso yokuphendula lo mbuzo wokugcina.

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iphutha: Okuqukethwe evikelwe !!