Esikhathini somlando lapho izindlela zokuvimbela ukusakazwa kwegciwane le-COVID-19 zibona khona ukwehliswa okukhulu kwezimo zokusebenzelana kobuso nobuso, futhi ngenxa yalokho ukuthi kungenzeka ukuthi kwenziwe amakheli we-psychotherapy "we-classic" mathupha, kuyavela Kubalulekile ukuthola izindlela ezanele zokuhlinzeka amakhasimende / iziguli ngokuqhubeka kokwelashwa ezanele.

Kuyi-CNOP efanayo, ekubonisweni kwayo kokusebenza kobungcweti, okushicilelwe ngokulandela iDPCM yakamuva, ukuncoma ngokuqinile, njengenye indlela yokwelapha, kungenzeka kwezikhathi zengqondo ngokusebenzisa i-intanethi (i-inthanethi esekwe ngokomqondo)Okungukuthi ukungenelela esekelwe eyeza nezazi zezinkanyezi ezikhuluma ngokwengqondo, hhayi olwenziwe studio, umtholampilo, noma ngaphezulu ngokuvamile mathupha

Ngenkathi iyisinyathelo "esiphuthumayo", ukwenziwa kwe-psychotherapy ngokusebenzisa amapulatifomu e-web ku-clinical practice kuphakamisa imibuzo ethile ebalulekile. Umbuzo wokuqala uphatheleneukusebenza ngempumelelo kwalolu hlobo lokungenelela; umbuzo wesibili ngokusobala Yikuphi ukuphazamiseka kwale ndlela okubonakalise kufanelekile.


U-Arnberg nozakwabo bazamile ukuphendula le mibuzo emibili[1], ngokubukeza izincwadi eziphatheleneukusebenza, lo ukuvikeleka eu izindleko inzuzo yimuphi ezengqondo ngokusebenzisa i-intanethi, ihlola ama-RCTs angama-40 ezinganeni, intsha kanye nabantu abadala. Iningi lezifundo ezenziwa ezivivinyweni zifaka a Indlela yokuqonda nokuziphatha (I-CBT), futhi kancane psychodynamic o ekuchumana. Ezifundweni ezahlukahlukene, izinga lokuxhaswa elinikeziwe lingahlukahluka kusuka ekusizeni okulula (akukho luxhaso), iseshini ngosizo lobuchwepheshe (okungeyona eyokwelashwa), iseshini eholwa ngumelaphi.

  • Ingabe ukwelashwa kwengqondo nge-Intanethi kuyasebenza?
    Umbuzo ofanele okufanele uwubuze kuleli cala akufanele ukhathazeke ukusebenza kwalolu hlobo lokungenela ngomqondo ophelele, kepha uma kuqhathaniswa nokwelashwa kwengqondo okuyi "classic". Ngakho-ke, kulusizo ukubuza ukuthi ingabe ukusebenza kwalolu hlobo lokwelashwa kuqhathaniswa nokwelashwa okujwayelekile (okungahambelani nokwelashwa).
    Ababhali baphetha ngokuthi, okwamanje, kukhona Ubufakazi obuncane maqondana nokungabaluleki kokungalapheki kwezindlela zokwelapha nge-Intanethi uma kuqhathaniswa nalezi zebhayibhile.
  • Ngabe le ndlela ifakazele ukuthi iluphi usizo?
    Ababhali bahlola kuphela ukuphazamiseka kwemizwa (iziwombe ezihlangene noma ezihlukumezanayo ezihlukumezanayo, idysthymia kanye nobunzima bokuxineka), kanye nokuphazamiseka kokukhathazeka (i-phobia yezenhlalo, isifo sokukhathazeka ngokujwayelekile, ubuthi obuthile bokukhathazeka, i-post traumatic stress disorder). ukuphazamiseka okucindezelayo okucindezelayo kanye nokuphazamiseka okuxakile kokukhathazeka).
    Ababhali babika ukuthi, liphuma kanjani inani elikhulu lezifundo ezithathiwe ubufakazi bokusebenza kwesilinganiso esiphansi kuya kwesikhashana (futhi hhayi ekulandeleni kwezinyanga ezi-6), kuphela Ukungenelela kokuqonda ngokuziphatha (I-CBT) eholwa ngumelaphi, ngokuqondene ubu-phobias bezenhlalo, ukuphazamiseka kokwethuka, inkinga yokuphazamiseka kokukhathazeka nokucindezelwa okukhulu mnene kuya kokumaphakathi, kuqhathaniswa kuphela nezifundo ezikuloluhlu lokulinda.

Ucwaningo luphetha ngokugcizelela ukuthi, ngaphandle kobufakazi obunqunyelwe bokusebenza ngempumelelo okuqoqiwe manje, ngenxa yezinkinga ezihlobene nendlela yokusebenza yezifundo (isib. Ukuqinisekiswa kokukhetha), ukukhethwa kwesampula (isib. Izifundo kuphela ezinolwazi lokuthola ikhodi ) kanye nenombolo encishisiwe yezifundo enezinye izindlela ngaphandle kwe-Cognitive-Behavioral one, psychotherapies nge-inthanethi (futhi ikakhulukazi lezo ze-I-CBT) zingaba umphelelisi osizo ekwelapheni okujwayelekile njengamanje kwabadala abanezinkinga zokucindezelwa (emnene kuze kube ngokulinganiselayo), e izinkinga ezithile zokukhathazeka.

Ngakho-ke, ekuphetheni, sikholwa ukuthi, esimweni sokuxineka okukhulu kanye nenkinga efana naleyo esibhekene nayo njengamanje, ukukwazi ukuqhubeka nokuhlinzeka ngokuqhubeka kokwelashwa ezigulini zethu kubalulekile. Imininingwane ebikwe ngokubukeza kwezincwadi, noma ingakhuthazi, zigcizelela ukuthi, ngakolunye uhlangothi, izindlela zokwelapha nge-Intanethi zivumela kanjani ukuthola intuthuko empilweni yezengqondo yeziguli, okungenani maqondana nezimo zokulinda. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, ababhali bagcizelela ukuthi kubaluleke kanjani ukukhulisa lolu hlobo lokungenelela, noma kunezindlela ezahlukahlukene, ukusivumela ukuba sijulise insimu engasasetshenziswa kakhulu ekwenzeni imitholampilo.

Ngakho-ke sethemba ukuthi lezi zikhombisi zingahola futhi zivume wonke umuntu ukuthi aphume kulo mzuzu wokuthuthumela okukhulu, athola isivinini esisha futhi mhlawumbe aqalise ukusebenzisa izindlela ezintsha ezingaba yingxenye yendlela yokwelashwa ngisho nangemva kokudlula lesi sigaba.

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