Izikripthi (noma imibhalo) yizingxoxo noma ama-monologue, aphindaphindiwe isikhathi eside noma esincane (okungenani amasonto ama-3), angaholela umuntu one-aphasia ukuthi abe "neziqhingi zenkulumo ezenzakalelayo" ezosetshenziswa empilweni yansuku zonke. Isibonelo sakudala yileso se-pizzeria. Kwenziwa uchungechunge lwemibuzo nezimpendulo ezingaholela umuntu we-aphasic ukuthi ahlanganyele noweta futhi a-ode i-pizza ayithandayo.

Njengoba ungaqagela, lo ngumsebenzi okufanele wenziwe njalo futhi ngamandla (okungenani kanye ngosuku kuze kuqedele i-automation). Iqiniso lokuphinda lawa magama, imishwana noma izinkulumo kaningi kwaholela ekwakhiweni kwe- amathuluzi wokuzijwayeza ngokwawo, kusuka kumavidiyo alula kuya kusoftware yangempela (e-United States, ngokwesibonelo, ikhona I-AphasiaScript).

Ukugxekwa okukodwa kwale ndlela kuphathelene nokwenza okuvamile. Ngabe umuntu we-aphasic ufunda uchungechunge lwamabinzana ngenhliziyo, kepha uzokwazi ukukhiqiza eminye, ngisho efanayo, noma uzomane aziphindaphinde lezo abezilolonga?


Ngiyafunda. Ngo-2012 abakwaGoldberg nozakwabo [1] bashicilela ucwaningo oluthokozisayo ngokwenzeka okungenzeka kwale mibhalo. Ikakhulu, ababhali bazibuze le mibuzo emithathu:

  1. Ngabe ukwelashwa kweskripthi kuyakuthuthukisa ukunemba, ubungcweti bohlelo lolimi, ukukhuluma kahle, nokushelelayo kokucacisa emibhalweni eqeqeshiwe?
  2. Ngabe ukwelashwa kweskripthi kuthuthukisa ukunemba, ubungcweti bohlelo lolimi, ukukhuluma ngokuqephuza, nokushelelayo kokuchaza emibhalweni engaqeqeshiwe?
  3. Ingabe ukwelashwa okukude (isb. I-videoconferencing) ngemibhalo kuyisixazululo esivumelekile, ngokuhlanganiswa nezikhathi zobuso nobuso?

Izifundo ezimbili zibhalwe phansi ezihlokweni abazithatha njengezifanele amaseshini amathathu ngesonto (ngocingo lwevidiyo) lwemizuzu engama-60-75 kanye nemizuzu engu-15 yokuzivocavoca ekhaya okuzenzela.

Imiphumela. Imiphumela emihle itholakale ku- isivinini sokukhuluma, kodwa kutholakale nemiphumela emihle ekwehlisweni kokuthikamezeka nasekusetshenzisweni kwamagama nemishwana eqeqeshiwe. Kwatholakala neyenhle ukwenziwa jikelele iskripthi esingaqeqeshiwe, omunye wabahlanganyeli ababili esebenzisa umbhalo oqeqeshiwe (wezepolitiki) ukwethula izihloko ezintsha. Ekugcineni, ukwelashwa okukude kubonakale kusebenza, yize kunezinkinga ezithile (ngokwesibonelo, ukungabi bikho kokuvumelanisa phakathi komsindo nevidiyo noma ukwehla kokuxhumeka okuholele ezithombeni ezingachazwanga kangako).

Ukubaluleka kokuzihlola. Ekugcineni, isici esibalulekile kuvele kwaba ngesika- ukuzikhuza, okungukuthi, ukukwazi ukukhiqiza ngokuzimela igama elikwazi ukukhumbula igama eliqondiwe. Lesi sici sibonakale silusizo ikakhulukazi lapho izifundo zingakwazi ukuqala umusho zodwa. Isibonelo, omunye wabahlanganyeli ababili akakwazanga ukuqala umusho ogama lakhe lokuqala kwakungu "Will", kepha wayengasho igama elithi "William". Usebenzisa uWilliam njengesiqalo, ukwazile ukukhipha umusho oqale ngo- "Will" yedwa.

Iziphetho. Ukulinganiselwa okuyinhloko kwalolu cwaningo kusobala ukuthi kuthinta inani elincane labahlanganyeli. Ngaphezu kwalokho, kepha kubunzima obutholakala kuyo yonke imibhalo ekhuluma ngale ndaba, bekungelula ukukhomba imithetho ejwayelekile yokukhetha imibhalo ukuze uyiqeqeshe. Kodwa-ke, isifundo esithandekayo ngoba sibhekana nenkinga yokwenza izinto okokuqala ngqa, kanye nokunikeza eminye imikhondo ngokubaluleka kokuzihlola.

Inkambo yethu. Ungathenga inkambo yethu eku-inthanethi "Ukwelashwa Kwe-Aphasia" kusuka lapha. Iqukethe amahora amaningana wamavidiyo anezinkomba zemibhalo nemisebenzi ebonakalayo (ngokungeziwe ezintweni zokwenziwa) ekwelapheni i-aphasia. Il costo è di 80€. Uma ithengiwe, inkambo izotholakala kuze kube phakade.

I-Aphasia ayinayo nje imizwa engokomzwelo kodwa futhi nezindleko zomnotho zesiguli nomndeni waso. Abanye abantu, ngenxa yezizathu zezomnotho, banciphisa amathuba abo okuvuselela, yize kunobufakazi obusekela isidingo somsebenzi oqinile nongaguquguquki. Ngalesi sizathu, kusukela ngoSepthemba 2020, zonke izinhlelo zethu zokusebenza zingasetshenziswa mahhala online ku I-GameCenter Aphasia futhi amashidi wethu womsebenzi ayatholakala lapha: https://www.trainingcognitivo.it/le-nostre-schede-in-pdf-gratuite/

Bibliografia

[1] UGoldberg S, uHaley KL, uJacks A. Ukuqeqeshwa kwesikripthi nokwenza okujwayelekile kwabantu abane-aphasia. Ngingu-J Speech Lang Pathol. 2012 Aug; 21 (3): 222-38.

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