"Ngitshele zonke izilwane ezifika engqondweni yakho ngomzuzu". Lokhu ukulethwa kokuhlolwa okujwayelekile kwe- Kufundza kahle kwemcondvo, akhona kumabhethri ahlukene weminyaka yokukhula neyabantu abadala (I-BVN, BVL, NEPSY-II ukusho ezimbalwa). Ukuhlolwa kuyashesha ukuphatha (umzuzu owodwa ngesigaba ngasinye) futhi, mhlawumbe futhi ngenxa yalesi sizathu, kusetshenziswa kabanzi ekuhlolweni kwe-neuropsychological. Kepha kulinganisani ngempela?

Impela ukwenza ngempumelelo isivivinyo sokuqephuza semantic kuyadingeka ukuthi ube nokuhle ishede lexical futhi semantic kusuka lapho ukudweba amagama afanele. Isitolo sodwa, empeleni, asanele. Kuyo kufanele sengeze kungenzeka kwe finyelela kuyo ngokukhululeka okulinganiselwe

Enye into ebalulekile yile isu ezizokwamukelwa: kukhona labo, abake bathola isinambuzane (isb. "impukane"), baqhubeke nezinto zesigaba esifanayo ("umnyovu", "uphondo", "inyosi") ngaphambi kokuphuma badlulele kwesinye isethi yezilwane ezinezici ezifanayo ("upholi", "ijuba", "ukhozi"); kukhona labo, ngokwesibonelo, abakhetha ukusebenzisa isu lobuciko bezwi ("inja", "i-canary", "i-hummingbird", "i-cormorant", "ingwenya").


Udinga futhi ukungena inkumbulo izimpendulo esezivele zinikezwe ukugwema ukuphindaphinda.

Okokugcina, njengoba ukuhlolwa kokuqephuza kuvame ukuthinta imikhakha emibili yama-semantic (ngokwesibonelo, "Ukudla" kanye "Nezilwane") kanye nezigaba ezimbili zemisindo (ngokwesibonelo, "Amagama aqala ngo-S" kanye "namagama aqala ngo-F") kubalulekile ukuthi ube nokwanele izipho ze Ukuzivumelanisa nezimo ukuze ungabambeki eqenjini elincane lesigaba esifanayo (ngokwesibonelo, ukungakwazi ukusho noma yini enye ngaphandle kwezinambuzane zesigaba se- "Izilwane") noma endimeni esuka esivivinyweni esisodwa kuye kwesinye (kuyenzeka, ngokwesibonelo, ukuthi ezinye izingane nabantu abadala, esivivinyweni esithi "Ngitshele wonke amagama aqala ngo-S" qhubeka usho kuphela izilwane ezinjenge- "Nyoka", "iScorpio", njalonjalo).

Ngokombono, kuyisivivinyo "esingcolile" kakhulu engalinganisi umsebenzi othile, kepha ethinteka ngokusebenza (noma ukungasebenzi) kwemisebenzi eminingi. Ezinye izifundo, kufaka phakathi isiNtaliyane sikaReverberi nozakwethu [1], zizamile ukukhomba izinto ezingaphansi kokuhlolwa okushelelayo kanye nendlela ezingazibonakalisa ngayo ezinhlotsheni ezahlukahlukene zokuphazamiseka (kusuka Isifo i-Alzheimer's to the variants different of Progressive Aphasia Okuyinhloko).

Manje kungani uyisebenzisa? Okokuqala ngoba, kumuntu omdala, izifo ezahlukahlukene ezonakalisayo ekuqaleni zingazibonakalisa ngokuncishiswa kwesitoreji se-lexical-semantic kanye / noma sokufinyelela okuhlobene. Ngakho-ke sinokuhlolwa okungenziwa ngesikhathi esifushane okungasinika imininingwane yokuqala ngesimo sempilo sale ngxenye yolimi. Ngaphezu kwalokho, izivivinyo eziyinkimbinkimbi zenzelwe abantu abadala, ezikhonjiswe ngaphezu kwakho konke kulabo abanemfundo ephakeme, njengokushintshana kokushintshana kweCosta kanye nozakwabo [2]. Ngaphezu kwalokho, yize kunzima kakhulu ukukhomba izingosi ezinamalungu aqala kulesi sivivinyo, siyazi ukuthi ngokujwayelekile ubunzima bokushintshashintsha kwezwi lomlomo buhlobene kakhulu nomonakalo wangaphambili, ngenkathi inombolo encane yezimpendulo ekuguqukeni kwe-semantic correlates nomonakalo ohlobene ne-lobe yesikhashana [3].

Bibliografia

[1] Reverberi C, Cherubini P, Baldinelli S, Luzzi S. ICortex. 2014 Kwangathi; 54: 150-64. i-doi: 10.1016 / j.cortex.2014.02.006

[2] Costa A, Bagoj E, Monaco M, Zabberoni S, De Rosa S, Papantonio AM, Mundi C, Caltagirone C, Carlesimo GA. Ukumiswa nedatha ejwayelekile etholakale kubantu base-Italiya ngensimbi entsha yokukhuluma ngokushelelayo, ukuhlolwa kwefonimu / kwesemantic kokunye ukushelela. I-Neurol Sci. 2014 Mar; 35 (3): 365-72. i-doi: 10.1007 / s10072-013-1520-8

[3] UHenry, JD, noCrawford, JR (2004). Ukubuyekezwa kwe-Meta-Analytic of Verbal Fluency Performance Ukulandela Izilonda ze-Focal Cortical. I-Neuropsychology, i-18(2), i-284-295.

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