Ngonyaka owedlule ngabhala indatshana yenhlanhla ngemiphumela emibi yethebhulethi ezinganeni, futhi ikakhulukazi ukuthi kungani izingane zikwazi ukusebenzisa ubuchwepheshe kalula mobile. Ukulandela ngokucophelela izizukulwane ezintsha kuwumsebenzi walabo abaphethe izingane nezingane (kusuka kubazali kuya kubasebenzi), kepha akumelwe ukusenze sikhohlwe ukuthi nathi siyizisulu zokuxhumana okushintshiwe okwenziwa ngabezindaba zenhlalo (hhayi nje kuphela) .

Umklami wangaphambilini weGoogle uTristan Harris ichaza ngokusobala mayelana Ukugenca kobuchopho Ukuchaza ukuthi iziqhwaga zewebhu zisebenzisa kanjani ukunaka ukunaka kwethu kanye nezintshisekelo zethu. Namuhla, ngezinkulumo ezifanayo, futhi u-Arturo Di Corinto uthathe isinqumo sokudonsa ipulagi kwezenhlalo nakwezinhlelo zokusebenza. Kusekuseni kakhulu ukukhuluma, imininingwane esesandleni, yemiphumela yobuchwepheshe obusha kumakhono ethu obuciko (noma ngabe ukuncishiswa kwama-spans ukunakwa kuyinto into abaningi abangahlose ukuyivala amehlo), kepha sisengakuqhathanisa ukuxhumana ezisekelweni ezinkulu (i-Facebook , I-Youtube, i-Instagram) ukukhomba izici ze-pathological.

Isilinganiso sobukhulu nokuqukethwe okungenamkhawulo

Eminyakeni yama-70s uPaul Grice wachaza 4 maxims wokuxoxa, noma imigomo yokubambisana engxoxweni:


  • ubuningi
  • ikhwalithi
  • ubuhlobo
  • i-modo

Umkhawulo wobuningi ufundeka ngokuthi "Ungagcini noma ungafuneki." Ngamafuphi, imininingwane kufanele yenele esicelweni, kungabi ngaphezulu noma ngaphansi. Manje ake sicabange ngokwenzekile eminyakeni embalwa ekugcineni kokudlala kwevidiyo ye-YouTube: kuvulwa ividiyo entsha, angakhethwanga yithi. Ukuvimbela lokhu, kufanele sicindezele u- "Khansela" ngesikhathi. Ngamafuphi, kudingeka isenzo esicacile ku non thola okuqukethwe okusha. Bambalwa abangena ku-Youtube ngenhloso yokuchitha amahora lapho. Imvamisa ungena ukubuka ividiyo eyodwa. Lapho i-Youtube ikuxhume, noma kunjalo, ividiyo eyodwa ingaba yisikhathi esingapheli.

Ake sicabange ngesimo esifanayo nomuntu. Sibiza umngani ukuthola isikhathi sombukiso wanamuhla kusihlwa. Umngani usinikeza imininingwane. Uma singazibekeli isikhathi, noma kunjalo, qala ukukhuluma nathi ngomunye umbukiso owubone izolo futhi kungasisiza. Ngemuva kwalokho qhubeka ubukeze wonke ama-cinema owake waya kuwo. Ucingo olunemizuzu emibili luba yingxoxo yehora. Kubalulekile ukuqaphela, ekugcineni, ukuthi ukhetha izihloko.

Ipulatifomu ngayinye inamasu ayo wokukunikeza imininingwane ethe xaxa kunaleyo obukade uyifuna ekuqaleni: kusukela ekudlaleni okuzenzakalelayo kwamavidiyo we-Youtube, kuya kumqulu ongapheli we-Facebook ne-Instagram, udlula ku- "ungahle ube nentshisekelo" yamabhulogi noma "Abasebenzisi uthenge into yakho futhi ukhethe… ”kwa-Amazon. Lokhu unyawo emnyango  ayivezi imiphumela yayo obala futhi izohlala yethulwe njengendaba engasho lutho, noma ngabe ukuchofoza okukodwa kuzoholela ekulahlekelweni kwengxenye kosuku noma ukuthenga eminye imikhiqizo engu-5.

Izinjongo zakho ziba izinhloso zami

Kuxhunyaniswe nephuzu langaphambilini inkulumo yokuhluka kwezinhloso. Sivame ukudinga imininingwane ethile. Amapulatifomu asinikeza lolo lwazi (inhloso yethu), kepha ngokudalula okwabo ngaphambi noma ngasikhathi sinye (izinhloso zabo). Isikhala esibhala ngalo ama-tweets siyefana lapho kuvela khona okuphakelayo. Isikhala somcimbi we-Facebook siyefana nakwizikhala zohlobo olujwayelekile.

Kufana nokuthi “Ngizokutshela ukuthi ubani isikhathi ngokukubonisa iwashi, ngakho-ke awukwazi ukuzibamba kodwa uqaphele ibhantshi lomthungi. Uyazi, nginesitolo sonke "

Kungani ukhethe lapho engingakukhethela khona?

Ake ngiphakamise imibukiso ye-TV ngokususelwa kulokho osuvele ukubonile. Ukuthi u-oda izindaba kususelwa kulokho okuthanda kakhulu. Ake ngikunikeze ezinye izindlela ezichaziwe esikhundleni sokubuza impendulo yoqobo. Sengathi angakukhethela izimpendulo ongazinikeza abanye.

Lapho kwethulwa i-Gmail Impendulo ehlakaniphile, izimpendulo ezisheshayo ezizonikezwa ama-imeyili ezisanda kuthola ngokuchofoza okukodwa, ngacabanga masinyane ngamasethi okuphendula avaliwe. Labo abasebenza emkhakheni wezifo zokuxhumana bayazi ukuthi kuyalulekwa ukusebenzisa izimpendulo ezivaliwe nalabo abangakwazi (noma abasakwazi ukwenza) ukuba baziveze kalula ngendlela ehlelekile.

UTristan Harris okukhulunywe ngaye ngenhla uthi: uma uhlola imenyu, uhlola izinketho zakho. Uma unikeza isethi evaliwe yokuphendula endabeni yezindaba, uthola abantu ukuthi bakhethe phakathi komunye wabo (uke waqaphela ukuthi ukusabela okungekuhle ngaphansi kokuthunyelwe ku-Facebook kunguku “Intukuthelo” kuphela?). Uma ukhetha okuthunyelwe okuzoboniswa kuqala, nikeza ngezihloko ezizocatshangelwa phakathi nosuku. Phambi kwemenyu - noma okuqukethwe okukhethwe ngaphambilini, kufanele sizibuze:

  • engikubonayo kuhlangabezana nezidingo zami noma zalabo abenze ikhasi?
  • kukhona ezinye izinqumo ngaphandle kwalezo ezinikelwe kumenyu?

Impendulo ethi "Smart" kusuka kubhulogi le-Google.

Nginake

"Ngikubhalela kuWhatsapp, phendula uma unesikhathi".

Singacabanga nge-imeyili noma ngomyalezo we-whatsapp njengencwadi emgodini, kodwa iqiniso ukuthi lokhu akunjalo. Khumbula njalo uTristan Harris ukuthi izinkampani ziyakwazi lokho umlayezo ophazamisa umsebenzi kwenza abantu baphendule kuqala. Ngakho-ke, umyalezo wengxoxo ubukeka njengomuntu ongqongqozayo ngenkathi usebenza, ebuza kaningi ukunakwa kwakho. Kanjani?

  • Ngokusebenzisa izaziso ezibangela lowo muzwa wokuthi uphendule ukuze wenze isithonjana esibomvu nenombolo sinyamalale
  • Ngokusebenzisa "imikhaza" noma "umyalezo ofundwe ku ..."

Ngidinga ulwazi lwebhizinisi, kepha akulona iqiniso ukushayela uzakwabo ngo-23 ebusuku. Ngingamshiyela umyalezo kuWhatsapp. Bheka, wakubona ngeso lengqondo. Vele kuleli qophelo angaphendula ...

Uhlu lwezizathu zokuthi kungani ubudlelwano obunzulu nabezindaba zenhlalo nezinkundla ezinkulu ngokubanzi zingaba nemiphumela enobuthi ngokuqinisekile akugcini lapha. Ukukubeka kafushane, okwesibili Harris:

  • Izaziso zisebenzisa inqubo yokwanelisa efana naleyo yemishini yokufaka
  • Imidiya yezenhlalo idlala ngokwesaba kwethu ukulahlekelwa izindaba ezibalulekile (ngakho-ke sizindela kakhulu ukuzikhipha ohlwini)
  • Imithombo yezokuxhumana igxila ekuzithokoziseni komphakathi kanye ne- "do ut des" yokuthandwa, ukuphawula, ukuvumela
  • Izinkampani zenza izenzo ezithile ezingafuneki zibe nzima kakhulu (isb. Ukuzikhipha ohlwini kusuka esizeni) kunalezo ezifiselekayo, ezivame ukwenziwa ngokuchofoza okukodwa

KwaseKorintengaphezu kwalokho, igcizelela ezinye izici:

  • Ukugxila kungxabano. Inhloso yalabo abafuna ukuba nemibono eminingi ukusingatha noma ukudala izingxabano
  • Izingoma ziya ngokufushane futhi zinokucatshangelwa okuncane: kusuka kwezinhlamvu ze-twitter kuya ezimemeni
  • Isikhala lapho wonke umuntu enelungelo elilodwa lokukhuluma ngaphandle kokuzilungiselela kumphumela we-Dunning Kruger
  • Imithombo yezokuxhumana iphephisa i-voyeurism ne-narcissism
  • Imithombo yezokuxhumana imahhala… kepha ayisikhokhi. Eqinisweni, "sikhiqiza" okuningi ngamaphakethe ezinkampani ezahlukahlukene ngaphandle kokuthola imbuyiselo (ngaphandle kokuthi umfundi wale ndatshana abe nomthelela)
  • Izinkinga ezihlobene nezindaba ezingamanga nokuphepha

Abantu abaningi bayayeka ukusetshenziswa okuncane noma okuphelele kwezokuxhumana. Abanye abafuni ukukwenza (noma abakwazi) ukukwenza. Noma kunjalo, khombisa uhlobo lokuxhumana namasu asetshenziselwa ukudonsa ukunaka kwethu nokuqondisa izenzo zethu kungasisiza ukubhekana ngendlela eqaphele kakhudlwana lezi zikhala "ezingokoqobo" ezinokubonakala okuncane kakhulu, kunikezwe umthelela ezinazo empilweni yomuntu ngamunye wethu.

Izihloko ezihlobene: Indodana yami ayikhulumi kahle, kepha ngibone indlela ayisebenzisa ngayo isibhebhe. Ungenza konke!

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iphutha: Okuqukethwe evikelwe !!
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